We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the medicines.ie website. Find out more

Bayer Limited

The Atrium, Blackthorn Road, Dublin 18,
Telephone: +353 1 2999 313
Fax: +353 1 2061 456
Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on medicines.ie: 21/10/2014
SPC Alka Seltzer Effervescent Tablets

When a pharmaceutical company changes an SPC or PIL, a new version is published on medicines.ie. For each version, we show the dates it was published on medicines.ie and the reasons for change.

Updated on 21/10/2014 and displayed until Current
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text
  • Correction of spelling/typing errors
  • Change to improve clarity and readability
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   01-Oct-2014
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company



In section 4.2 the following lines were added:

 

The tablets should preferably be taken after meals.

Aspirin must not be taken for longer than 3-5 days without consulting a doctor.

In case of accidental administration or use in children, see section “Special warnings and

special precautions for use”.

 

In section 4.4 the point dealing with renal function now reads:

”patients with impaired renal function or patients with impaired cardiovascular circulation (e.g. renal vascular disease, congestive heart failure, volume depletion, major surgery, sepsis or major hemorrhagic events), since acetylsalicylic acid may further increase the risk of renal impairment and acute renal failure,”

 

In section 4.4 the following piece of information has been added;

“In patients suffering from severe glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, acetylsalicylic acid may induce hemolysis or hemolytic anaemia. Factors that may increase the risk of hemolysis are high dosage, fever, or acute infections, for example”

 

In section 4.6 under Pregnancy

“Prostaglandin sysnthesis inhibitors may expose both” is inserted before “the mother and the child, at the end of pregnancy, to:”

 

Section 4.8 has been replaced with:

 

The listed adverse drug reactions are based on spontaneous reports, thus an organization according to CIOMS III categories of frequency is not possible.

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Haemorrhagic anaemia1 with the respective laboratory and clinical signs and symptoms. Hemolysis2 1, iron deficiency anaemia2, haemolytic anaemia

Cardiac disorders

Cardio-respiratory distress3

Ear and labyrinth disorders

Tinnitus

Gastrointestinal disorders

Dyspepsia, gastrointestinal pain, abdominal pain, gingival bleeding, gastrointestinal inflammation, gastrointestinal ulcer, gastrointestinal haemorrhage, gastrointestinal ulcer perforation with the respective laboratory and clinical signs and symptoms.

Hepatobiliary disorders

Liver disorder, transaminases increased

Immune system disorders

Hypersensitivity, drug hypersensitivity, allergic edema and angioedema, anaphylactic reaction, anaphylactic shock with respective laboratory and clinical manifestations

Injury, poisoning and procedural complications

See overdose section

Nervous system disorders

Cerebral and intracranial hemorrhage, dizziness

Renal and urinary disorders

Urogenital haemorrhage, renal impairment4 4, renal failure acute

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Epistaxis, analgesic asthma syndrome, rhinitis, nasal congestion

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Rash, urticaria, pruritus

Vascular disorders

Haemorrhage, operative haemorrhage, haematoma, muscle haemorrhage

 

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517. Website: www.hpra.ie; E-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie.

 

In section 4.9 the severity heading under the tableted signs and symptoms have been bolded

           

In section 5.1 the following line has been deleted: Generally high doses of 4 to 8 g daily in divided doses are used for these disorders

 

The date of revision has changed to October 2014

Updated on 10/06/2011 and displayed until 21/10/2014
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 6.5 - Nature and contents of container
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   07-Jun-2011
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 6.5

The description of the primary packaging material has been updated to correct a typo: '11g/m2 polyethylene' has been corrected to read '14g/m2 polyethylene'.
Updated on 02/07/2010 and displayed until 10/06/2011
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   21-Jun-2010
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 4.1 has been changed from:

For the relief of headache associated with an upset stomach.

Also for symptomatic relief of common cold symptoms and in the management of neuralgia or muscular aches and pains.



to:
For fast and effective symptomatic relief of mild to moderate pain including headache, migraine, neuralgia, toothache, sore throat, period pains, aches and pains.
Symptomatic relief of sprains, strains, rheumatic pain, sciatica, lumbago, fibrositis, muscular aches and pains, joint swelling and stiffness. 
Symptomatic relief of influenza, feverishness, feverish colds.
Updated on 01/02/2010 and displayed until 02/07/2010
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 6.4 - Special precautions for storage
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   17-Nov-2009
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 6.4 was updated to include a storage warning to protect from moisture

In section 10 the date of revision was updated to November 2009
Updated on 07/10/2009 and displayed until 01/02/2010
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 4.3 - Contraindications
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.6 - Pregnancy and lactation
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 4.9 - Overdose
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 5.3 - Preclinical safety data
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   31-Aug-2009
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company



Section 4.3 (Contraindications) should say:

 

Alka-Seltzer must not be used in the following cases:

 

·       hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid or other salicylates, or to any other compo­nents of the product,

·       a history of asthma induced by the administration of salicylates or substances with a similar action, notably non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,

·       acute gastrointestinal ulcers,

·       hemorrhagic diathesis,

·       severe renal failure,

·       severe hepatic failure,

·       severe cardiac failure,

·       combination with methotrexate at doses of 15 mg/week or more (see interac­tions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction),

·       last trimester of pregnancy.



Section 4.4 (Special warnings and precautions for use) should read:

Alka-Seltzer should be used with particular caution in the following cases:

 

·       hypersensitivity to analgesics / anti inflammatory agents /anti-rheumatics and in the presence of other allergies,

 

·       history of gastro-intestinal ulcers including chronic or recurrent ulcer disease or history of gastro-intestinal bleedings,

 

·       with concomitant treatment with anticoagulants (see interactions with other me­dicinal products and other forms of interaction),

 

·       impaired renal function,

 

·       impaired hepatic function.

 

 

Acetylsalicylic acid may precipitate bronchospasm and induce asthma attacks or other hypersensitivity reactions. Risk factors are pre-existing asthma, hay fever, nasal polyps, or chronic respiratory disease. This also applies to patients exhibiting allergic reactions (e.g. cutaneous reactions, itching, urticaria) to other substances.

 

Due to its inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation which persists for several days after administration, acetylsalicylic acid may lead to an increased bleeding tendency dur­ing and after surgical operations (including minor surgeries, e.g. dental extractions).

 

At low doses, acetylsalicylic acid reduces the excretion of uric acid. This can possibly trigger gout attacks in predisposed patients.

 

Elderly patients are particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of NSAIDs.  Prolonged use of NSAIDs in the elderly is not recommended. Where prolonged therapy is required, patients should be reviewed regularly.

 

Undesirable effects may be reduced by using the minimum effective dose for the shortest possible duration.  Patients treated with NSAIDs long-term should undergo regular medical supervision to monitor for adverse events.

 

There is a possible association between aspirin and Reye’s syndrome when given to children.  Reye’s syndrome is a very rare disease, which affects the brain and liver and can be fatal. For this reason aspirin should not be given to children and adolescents aged under 16 years unless specifically indicated.

 

Prolonged use, except under medical supervision, can be harmful.

 

If symptoms persist, the physician should be consulted.

 

This medicine contains 477mg sodium per tablet. To be taken into consideration by

patients on a controlled sodium diet.






Section 4.5 (Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interactions) now reads:

 

Contra-indicated Interactions:

 

Methotrexate used at doses of 15 mg/week or more:

Increased hematological toxicity of methotrexate (decreased renal clearance of meth­otrexate by anti-inflammatory agents in general and displacement of methotrexate from its plasma protein binding by salicylates) (see Section 4.3 Contraindications).

 

Combinations requiring precautions for use:

 

Methotrexate, used at doses of less than 15 mg/week:

Increased hematological toxicity of methotrexate (decreased renal clearance of methotrexate by anti‑inflammatory agents in general and displacement of methotrexate from its plasma protein binding by salicylates).

 

 

Anticoagulants, thrombolytics/other inhibitors of platelet aggrega­tion/hemostasis:

Increased risk of bleeding.

 

Other non‑steroidal anti‑inflammatory drugs with salicylates at higher doses       

Increased risk of ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding due to synergistic effect.

 

Ibuprofen:

Experimental data suggest that ibuprofen may inhibit the effect of low dose aspirin on platelet aggregation when they are dosed concomitantly.  However, the limitations of these data and the uncertainties regarding

extrapolation of ex vivo data to the clinical situation imply that no firm conclusions can be made from regular ibuprofen use, and no clinically relevant effect is considered to be likely for occasional ibuprofen use (see section 5.1).

 

Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs):

Increased risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to possibly synergistic effect.

 

Digoxin:

Plasma concentrations of digoxin are increased due to a decrease in renal excretion.

 

Antidiabetics, e.g. insulin, sulphonylureas:

Increased hypoglycemic effect by high doses of acetylsalicylic acid via hypoglycemic action of acetylsalicylic acid and displacement of sulfonylurea from its plasma protein binding.

 

Diuretics in combination with acetylsalicylic acid at higher doses:

Decreased glomerular filtration via decreased renal prostaglandin synthesis.

 

Systemic glucocorticoids, except hydrocortisone used as replacement therapy in Addison's disease:

Decreased blood salicylate levels during corticosteroid treatment and risk of salicy­late overdose after this treatment is stopped via increased elimination of salicylates by corticosteroids.

 

Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) in combination with acetyl­salicylic acid at higher doses:

Decreased glomerular filtration via inhibition of vasodilatory prostaglandins. Further-more, decreased antihypertensive effect.

 

Valproic acid:

Increased toxicity of valproic acid due to displacement from protein binding sites.

 

Alcohol:

Increased damage to gastro-intestinal mucosa and prolonged bleeding time due to additive effects of acetylsalicylic acid and alcohol.

 

Uricosurics such as benzbromarone, probenecid:

Decreased uricosuric effect (competition of renal tubular uric acid elimination).




Section 4.6 (Pregnancy and lactation) should now read;

 

Pregnancy

Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis may adversely affect the pregnancy and/or the embryo/fœtal development. Data from epidemiological studies raise concern about an increased risk of mis­carriage and of malformations after the use of a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor in early preg­nan­cy. The risk is believed to increase with dose and duration of therapy.

 

Available data do not support any association between intake of acetylsalicylic acid and an increased risk for miscarriage. For acetyl­salicylic acid the available epidemiological data regarding malformation are not consistent, but an increased risk of gastroschisis could not be excluded. A prospective study with exposure in ear­ly pregnancy (1st-4th month) of about 14,800 mother-child pairs has not yielded any association with an elevated rate of malformations.

Animal studies have shown reproductive toxicity (see Section 5.3 Preclinical Safety Data).

 

During the first and second trimester of pregnancy, acetylsalicylic acid containing drugs should not be given unless clearly necessary. If acetylsalicylic acid containing drugs are used by a woman attempting to conceive, or during the first and second trimester of pregnancy, the dose should be kept as low and duration of treatment as short as possible.

 

During the third trimester of pregnancy, all prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors may expose the foetus to:

·       cardiopulmonary toxicity (with premature closure of the ductus arteriosus and pulmonary hypertension);

·       renal dysfunction, which may progress to renal failure with oligo hydroamniosis;

the mother and the child, at the end of pregnancy, to:

·       possible prolongation of bleeding time, an anti-aggregating effect which may occur even after very low doses

·       inhibition of uterine contractions   resulting in delayed or prolonged labour

Consequently, acetylsalicylic acid is contraindicated during the third trimester of pregnancy.

Lactation

Salicylate and its metabolites pass into breast milk in small quantities.

 

Since no adverse effects on the infant have been observed so far after occasional use, interruption of breast-feeding is usually unnecessary. However, on regular use or on intake of high doses, breast feeding should be discontinued early.




Section 4.8 (Undesirable effects) should now say:

 

Upper and lower gastrointestinal tract disorders such as common signs and symptoms of dyspepsia, gastrointestinal and abdominal pain, rarely gastrointestinal in­flammation, gastrointestinal ulcer, potentially but very rarely leading to gastrointesti­nal ulcer hemorrhage and perforation, with the respective laboratory and clinical signs and symptoms.

 

Due to its inhibitory effect on platelets, acetylsalicylic acid may be associated with an increased risk of bleeding. Bleedings, such as perioperative hemorrhage, hemato­mas, epistaxis, urogenital bleedings, gingival bleedings, have been observed. Rare to very rare serious bleedings, such as gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage, cerebral hemor­rhage (especially in patients with uncontrolled hypertension and/or on concomi­tant antihemostatic agents), which in single cases may be potentially life-threat­ening, have been reported.


Hemorrhage may result in acute and chronic posthemorrhagic anemia/iron-deficiency anemia (due to e.g. occult microbleeding) with respective laboratory and clinical signs and symptoms, such as asthenia, pallor, hypoperfusion.


Hypersensitivity reactions with respective laboratory and clinical manifestations in­clude asthma syndrome, mild to moderate reactions potentially affecting skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and cardiovascular system, including symp­toms such as rash, urticaria, edema, pruritus, rhinitis, nasal congestion, cardio-respiratory distress, and very rarely, severe reactions, including anaphylactic shock.


Transient hepatic impairment with increase in liver transaminases has very rarely been reported.

 

Dizziness and tinnitus have been reported, which may be indicative of an overdose.




Section 4.9 (Overdose) now reads:

 

Salicylate toxicity (> 100 mg/kg/day over 2 days may produce toxicity) may result from chronic, therapeutically acquired, intoxication, and from, potentially life-threat­ening, acute intoxications (overdose), ranging from accidental ingestions in children to incidental intoxications.

Chronic salicylate poisoning can be insidious as signs and symptoms are non-spe­cific. Mild chronic salicylate intoxication, or salicylism, usually occurs only after re­peated use of large doses. Symptoms include dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus, deafness, sweating, nausea and vomiting, headache, and confusion, and may be controlled by reducing the dosage. Tinnitus can occur at plasma concentrations of 150 to 300 mi­crograms/mL. More serious adverse events occur at concentrations above 300 mi­crograms/mL.

 

The principle feature of acute intoxication is severe disturbance of the acid-base balance, which may vary with age and severity of intoxication. The most common presentation for a child is metabolic acidosis. The severity of poisoning cannot be estimated from plasma concentration alone. Absorption of acetylsalicylic acid can be delayed due to reduced gastric emptying, formation of concretions in the stomach, or as a result of ingestion of enteric-coated preparations. Management of acetylsalicylic acid intoxication is determined by its extent, stage and clinical symptoms and ac­cording to standard poisoning management techniques. Predominant measures should be the accelerated excretion of the drug as well as the restoration of the electrolyte and acid-base metabolism.

 

Due to the complex pathophysiologic effects of salicylate poisoning, signs and symptoms/investigational findings may include:

 

 

Signs and Symptoms

 

 

INVESTIGATIONAL FINDINGS

 

THERAPEUTIC MEASURES

Mild to moderate intoxication

 

Gastric lavage, repeated administration of activated charcoal, forced alkaline diuresis

Tachypnoea, hyperventilation, respi­ratory alkalosis

Alkalemia, alkaluria

Fluid and electrolyte man­agement

Diaphoresis

 

 

Nausea, vomiting

 

 

Moderate to severe intoxication

 

Gastric lavage, repeated administration of activated charcoal, forced alkaline diuresis, hemodialysis in severe cases

Respiratory alkalosis with compen­satory metabolic acidosis,

Acidemia, aciduria

Fluid and electrolyte man­agement

Hyperpyrexia

 

Fluid and electrolyte man­agement

Respiratory: ranging from hyperven­tilation, non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema to respiratory arrest, as­phyxation

 

 

Cardiovascular: ranging from dysar­rhythmias, hypotension to cardio­vascular arrest

e.g. Blood pressure, ECG alteration

 

Fluid and electrolyte loss: dehydra­tion, oliguria to renal failure

e.g. Hypokalemia, hyperna­tremia, hyponatremia, altered renal function

Fluid and electrolyte man­agement

Impaired glucose metabolism, keto­sis

Hyperglycemia, hypoglyce­mia (especially in children)

Increased ketone levels

 

Tinnitus, deafness

 

 

Gastrointestinal: GI bleeding

 

 

Hematologic: ranging from platelet inhibition to coagulopathy

e.g. PT prolongation, hypo­prothrombinemia

 






Section 5.1 (Pharmacodynamic properties) now reads:

 

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Nervous system, other analgesics and antipyretics.  ATC-Code: N02BA01

 

Acetylsalicylic acid belongs to the group of acidic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Its mechanism of action is based on irreversible inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase enzymes involved in prostaglandin synthesis.

 

Acetylsalicylic acid in oral doses of in general 0.3 to 1.0 g is used for the relief of pain and in minor febrile conditions, such as colds or influenza, for the reduction of tem­perature and relief of the joint and muscle pains.

 

It is also used in acute and chronic inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthri­tis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Generally high doses of 4 to 8 g daily in divided doses are used for these disorders.

 

Acetylsalicylic acid also inhibits platelet aggregation by blocking thromboxane A2 synthesis in platelets. Thus, it is used for various vascular indications at doses of in general 75 to 300 mg daily.

 

Experimental data suggest that ibuprofen may inhibit the effect of low dose aspirin on platelet aggregation when they are dosed concomitantly. In one study, when a single dose of ibuprofen 400mg was taken within 8h before or within 30 min after immediate release aspirin dosing (81mg), a decreased effect of ASA on the formation of thromboxane or platelet aggregation occurred. However, the limitations of these data and the uncertainties regarding extrapolation of ex vivo data to the clinical situation imply that no firm conclusions can be made from regular ibuprofen use, and no clinically relevant effect is considered to be likely for occasional ibuprofen use.




Section 5.2 (Pharmacokinetic properties) now says:

 

Following oral administration, acetylsalicylic acid is absorbed rapidly and completely from the gastro-intestinal tract. During and after absorption acetylsalicylic acid is con­verted into its main active metabolite, salicylic acid. Maximal plasma levels are reached after 10 - 20 minutes for acetylsalicylic acid and after 0.3-2 hours for salicylic acid, respectively.

 

Both acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid are extensively bound to plasma proteins and are rapidly distributed throughout the body. Salicylic acid passes into breast milk and crosses the placenta.

 

Salicylic acid is eliminated predominantly by hepatic metabolism. Its metabolites are salicyluric acid, salicylic phenolic glucuronide, salicylacyl glucuronide, gentisic acid, and gentisuric acid.

 

The elimination kinetics of salicylic acid is dose-dependent, as metabolism is limited by liver enzyme capacity. The elimination half-life therefore varies from 2 to 3 hours after low doses to up to about 15 hours at high doses. Salicylic acid and its metabo­lites are excreted mainly via the kidneys.





Section 5.3 (Preclinical safety data) now reads:

 

The preclinical safety profile of acetylsalicylic acid is well documented.

 

In animal studies, salicylates caused kidney damage at high dosages but no other organic lesions. Acetylsalicylic acid has been extensively studied in vitro and in vivo for mutagenicity; no relevant evidence of a mutagenic potential was found. The same applies to carcinogenicity studies.

 

Salicylates have exhibited teratogenic effects in animal studies and a number of different species. Implantation disorders, embryotoxic and fetotoxic effects and impairment of learning ability in the offspring after prenatal exposure have been described.

Updated on 06/08/2009 and displayed until 07/10/2009
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   29-Jul-2009
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 4.4:

The following statement has been added:

There is some evidence that drugs which inhibit cyclo-oxygenase / prostaglandin synthesis may cause impairment of female fertility by an effect on ovulation. This is reversible on withdrawal of treatment.

Updated on 28/07/2009 and displayed until 06/08/2009
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 7 - Marketing authorisation holder
  • Change to section 8 - MA number
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   03-Jul-2009
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 7: MA holder is now Bayer Ltd
Section 8: PA number is now 1410/32/1
Updated on 25/06/2009 and displayed until 28/07/2009
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • Change to section 9 - Date of renewal of authorisation
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text
  • Change to section 1 - Name of medicinal product
  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 3 - Pharmaceutical form
  • Change to section 6.5 - Nature and contents of container
Date of revision of text on the SPC:   12-Jun-2009
Legal Category:   Supply through general sale

Free-text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 1: Name has been updated to:

Alka-Seltzer Effervescent Tablets

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 324mg

Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate 1744mg

Citric acid 965mg

Section 2: Aspirin has been added after acetylsalicyclic acid.

Section 3: Tablets has been inserted after effervescent tablets.

Section 6.5: Only the 10 and 20 packs are listed now. 'Not all pack sizes may be marketed' has been added.

 

Updated on 26/06/2008 and displayed until 25/06/2009
Reasons for adding or updating:
  • New SPC for medicines.ie

Document Links

 
  View all medicines
from this company
View Document
Bookmark and Share