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Amdipharm Mercury Company Limited

No. 1 Croydon, 12 - 16 Addiscombe Road, Croyden, Surrey, CR0 0XT, UK
Telephone: +44 (0)208 588 9100
Fax: +44 (0)208 588 9200
WWW: http://www.amcolimited.com
Medical Information Direct Line: 08700 70 30 33
Medical Information e-mail: medicalinformation@amcolimited.com
Customer Care direct line: +44 (0)020 8588 9200
Medical Information Facsimile: +44 (0)20 8588 9200


Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on medicines.ie: 23/07/2014
SPC NeoMercazole 5mg Tablets



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1. NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT

NeoMercazole 5 mg Tablets


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2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

Each NeoMercazole 5 mg Tablets contains carbimazole 5 mg.

Excipients with known effect:

Lactose monohydrate (30.0 mg/tablet)

Sucrose (139.39 mg/tablet)

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1


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3. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM

Tablet.

Pink, circular biconvex tablet, imprinted with 'Neo 5' on the obverse and plain on the reverse.


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4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS

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4.1 Therapeutic indications

NeoMercazole is an anti-thyroid agent. It is indicated in adults and children in all conditions where reduction of thyroid function is required.

Such conditions are:

1. Hyperthyroidism.

2. Preparation for thyroidectomy in hyperthyroidism.

3. Therapy prior to and post radio-iodine treatment.


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4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

NeoMercazole should only be administered if hyperthyroidism has been confirmed by laboratory tests.

Adults

The initial dose is in the range 20 - 60 mg, taken as two to three divided doses. The dose should be titrated against thyroid function until the patient is euthyroid in order to reduce the risk of over-treatment and resultant hypothyroidism. Subsequent therapy may then be administered in one of two ways.

Maintenance regimen: Final dosage is usually in the range 5 - 15 mg per day, which may be taken as a single daily dose. Therapy should be continued for at least six, and up to eighteen months.

Serial thyroid function is recommended, together with appropriate dosage modification in order to maintain a euthyroid state.

Blocking-replacement regimen: Dosage is maintained at the initial level, i.e. 20 - 60 mg per day, and supplemental l-thyroxine, 50 - 150 mcg per day, is administered concomitantly, in order to prevent hypothyroidism. Therapy should be continued for at least six months, and up to eighteen months.

Where a single dosage of less than 20 mg is recommended, it is intended that NeoMercazole 5 mg Tablets should be taken.

Elderly

No special dosage regimen is required, but care should be taken to observe the contra-indications and warnings as it has been reported that the risk of a fatal outcome to neutrophil dyscrasia may be greater in the elderly (aged 65 and over).

Paediatric population

Use in children and adolescents (3 to 17 years of age)

Initial dosage for the treatment of children and adolescents above 3 years of age should be adjusted to the body weight of the patients. Usually treatment is initiated at a daily dose of 0.5 mg/kg, divided into two or three equal doses. For maintenance therapy, the daily dose can be reduced depending on the response of the patient to the treatment. Additional treatment with levothyroxine may be required to avoid hypothyroidism.

A total daily dose of 40 mg carbimazole should not be exceeded.

Use in children (2 years of age and under)

Safety and efficacy of carbimazole in children below 2 years of age have not been evaluated systematically. Use of carbimazole in children below 2 years of age is therefore not recommended

Method of administration

Oral


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4.3 Contraindications

NeoMercazole is contraindicated in patients with:

 Hypersensitivity to carbimazole or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1

 Serious pre-existing haematological conditions

 Severe hepatic insufficiency


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4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Bone marrow depression including neutropenia, eosinophilia, leucopenia and agranulocytosis has been reported. Fatalities with carbimazole-induced agranulocytosis have been reported.

Rare cases of purpura, anaemia, pancytopenia/aplastic anaemia and isolated thrombocytopenia have also been reported. Additionally, very rare cases of haemolytic anaemia have been reported.

Patients should always be warned about the onset of sore throats, bruising or bleeding, mouth ulcers, fever and malaise and should be instructed to stop the drug and to seek medical advice immediately. In such patients, white blood cell counts should be performed immediately, particularly where there is any clinical evidence of infection.

Following the onset of any signs and symptoms of hepatic disorder (pain in the upper abdomen, anorexia, general pruritus) in patients, the drug should be stopped and liver function tests performed immediately.

Early withdrawal of the drug will increase the chance of complete recovery.

NeoMercazole should be used with caution in patients with mild-moderate hepatic insufficiency. If abnormal liver function is discovered, the treatment should be stopped. The half-life may be prolonged due to liver disorder.

Patients unable to comply with the instructions for use or who cannot be monitored regularly should not be treated with NeoMercazole.

Regular full blood count checks should be carried out in patients who may be confused or have a poor memory.

NeoMercazole should be stopped temporarily at the time of administration of radio-iodine, to avoid thyroid crisis.

Precaution should be taken in patients with intrathoracic goitre, which may worsen during initial treatment with NeoMercazole. Tracheal obstruction may occur due to intrathoracic goitre.

The use of carbimazole in non-pregnant women of childbearing potential should be based on individual risk/benefit assessment (see section 4.6).

There is risk of cross-allergy between carbimazole, thiamazole and propylthiouracil.

NeoMercazole contains lactose.

Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.

NeoMercazole contains sucrose.

Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.


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4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Little is known about interactions.

Interaction studies have not been performed in paediatric patients.

Particular care is required in case of concurrent administration of medication capable of inducing agranulocytosis.

Since carbimazole is a vitamin K antagonist, the effect of anticoagulants could be intensified. Additional monitoring of PT/INR should be considered, especially before surgical procedures.

The serum levels of theophylline can increase and toxicity may develop if hyperthyroidic patients are treated with antithyroid medications without reducing the theophylline dosage.

Co-administration of prednisolone and carbimazole may result in increased clearance of prednisolone.

Carbimazole may inhibit the metabolism of erythromycin, leading to reduced clearance of erythromycin.

Serum digitalis (digoxin) levels may be increased when hyperthyroid patients on a stable digitalis glycoside (digoxin) regimen become euthyroid; a reduced dosage of digitalis glycosides (digoxin) may be needed.

Hyperthyroidism may cause an increased clearance of beta-adrenergic blockers with a high extraction ratio. A dose reduction of beta blockers may be needed when a hyperthyroid patient becomes euthyroid.


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4.6 Pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

Carbimazole crosses the placenta but, provided the mother's dose is within the standard range, and her thyroid status is monitored; there is no evidence of neonatal thyroid abnormalities.

Studies have shown that the incidence of congenital malformations is greater in the children of mothers whose hyperthyroidism has remained untreated than in those who have been treated with carbimazole

However, cases of congenital malformations have been observed following the use of carbimazole or its active metabolite methimazole (thiamazole) during pregnancy.

A causal relationship of these malformations, especially choanal atresia and aplasia cutis congenita (congenital scalp defects), to transplacental exposure to carbimazole and methimazole cannot be excluded.

Therefore, the use of carbimazole in non-pregnant women of childbearing potential should be based on individual risk/benefit assessment (see section 4.4).

Cases of renal, skull, cardiovascular congenital defects, exomphalos, gastrointestinal malformation, umbilical malformation and duodenal atresia have also been reported.

Therefore, carbimazole should be used in pregnancy only when propylthiouracil is not suitable. If NeoMercazole is used in pregnancy the dose must be regulated by the patient's clinical condition. The lowest dose possible should be used, and this can often be discontinued three to four weeks before term, in order to reduce the risk of neonatal complications.

The blocking-replacement regimen should not be used during pregnancy since very little thyroxine crosses the placenta in the last trimester.

Breast-feeding

NeoMercazole is secreted in breast milk and, if treatment is continued during lactation, the patient should not continue to breast-feed her baby.


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4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Not relevant.


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4.8 Undesirable effects

Adverse reactions usually occur in the first eight weeks of treatment. The most frequently occurring reactions are nausea, headache, arthralgia, mild gastric distress, skin rashes and pruritus. These reactions are usually self-limiting and may not require withdrawal of the drug.

Paediatric population

Frequency, type and severity of adverse reactions in children appear to be comparable with those in adults.

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Bone marrow depression including neutropenia, eosinophilia and agranulocytosis have been reported. Fatalities with carbimazole induced agranulocytosis have been reported.

Rare cases of purpura, anaemia, pancytopenia/aplastic anaemia,neutropenia, leucopenia and isolated thrombocytopenia have also been reported. Additionally, very rare cases of haemolytic anaemia have been reported.

Patients should always be warned about the onset of sore throats, bruising or bleeding, mouth ulcers, fever, and malaise and should be instructed to stop the drug and to seek medical advice immediately. In such patients, blood cell counts should be performed, particularly where there is any clinical evidence of infection.

Generalised lymphadenopathy.

Immune system disorders

Angioedema and multi-system hypersensitivity reactions such as cutaneous vasculitis, liver, lung and renal effects occur.

Endocrine disorders

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (with pronounced decline in blood glucose level).

Nervous system disorders

Headache., neuritis, polyneuropathy.

Vascular Disorders

Bleeding.

Gastrointestinal disorders

Nausea, mild gastric distress, loss of sense of taste has been observed. Acute salivary gland swelling.

Hepato-biliary disorders

Hepatic disorders including abnormal liver function tests, hepatitis, cholestatic hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice and most commonly jaundice, have been reported; in these cases carbimazole should be withdrawn.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Skin rashes, pruritus, urticaria. Hair loss has been occasionally reported.

Severe cutaneous hypersensitivity reactions have been reported in both adult and paediatric patients, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (very rare including isolated reports: severe forms, including generalised dermatitis, have only been described in isolated cases).

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Isolated cases of myopathy have been reported. Patients experiencing myalgia after the intake of NeoMercazole should have their creatine phosphokinase levels monitored.

General disorders and administration site conditions

Fever, malaise.

Injury, poisoning and procedural complications

Bruising.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professsionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via IMB Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517. Website: www.imb.ie; e-mail: imbpharmacovigilance@imb.ie.


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4.9 Overdose

Symptoms

No symptoms are likely from a single large dose.

Management

No specific treatment is indicated.


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5. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

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5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

ATC Code: H03B B01

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Sulfur-containing imidazole derivatives

Mechanism of action:

Carbimazole, a thionamide, is a pro-drug which undergoes rapid and virtually complete metabolism to the active metabolite, thiamazole, also known as methimazole. The method of action is believed to be inhibition of the organification of iodide and the coupling of iodothyronine residues which in turn suppress the synthesis of thyroid hormones.


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5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Absorption

Carbimazole is rapidly metabolised to thaimazole. After oral ingestion, peak plasma concentrations of thiamazole, the active moiety, occur at 1 to 2 hours.

Distribution

The total volume of distribution of thiamazole is 0.5 1/kg. Thiamazole is concentrated in the thyroid gland. This intrathyroidal concentration of thiamazole has the effect of prolonging its activity. However, thiamazole has a shorter half-life in hyperthyroid patients than in normal controls and so more frequent initial doses are required while the hyperthyroidism is active.

Biotransformation

Thiamazole is moderately bound to plasma proteins.

Carbimazole has a half-life of 5.3 to 5.4 hours. It is possible that the plasma half-life may also be prolonged by renal or hepatic disease. See section 4.2.

Thiamazole crosses the placenta and appears in breast milk. The plasma:milk ratio approaches unity.

Elimination

Over 90% of orally administered carbimazole is excreted in the urine as thiamazole or its metabolites. The remainder appears in faeces. There is 10% enterohepatic circulation.


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5.3 Preclinical safety data

There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that already included in other sections of the Summary of Product Characteristics


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6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

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6.1 List of excipient(s)

Lactose monohydrate

Starch maize

Gelatin

Magnesium stearate

Sucrose

Acacia

Talc

Red Iron oxide (E172)


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6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.


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6.3 Shelf life

3 years


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6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25°C. Store in the original container.


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6.5 Nature and contents of container

NeoMercazole tablets are available in HDPE bottles with a low density polyethylene tamper evident snap-fit closure. Each bottle contains 100 tablets.


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6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.


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7. MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER

Amdipharm Limited

Temple Chambers

3 Burlington Road

Dublin 4

Ireland


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8. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)

PA 1142/002/001


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9. DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION

Date of first authorisation: 13 March 1995

Date of last renewal: 13 March 2010


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10. DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

June 2014



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Active Ingredients

 
   Carbimazole