Germentin 250mg/125mg Film-coated Tablets

  • Name:

    Germentin 250mg/125mg Film-coated Tablets

  • Company:
    info
  • Active Ingredients:

    Co-Amoxiclav

  • Legal Category:

    Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Patient Information Leaflet Patient Information Leaflet last updated on medicines.ie: 28/08/18

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Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on medicines.ie: 28/8/2018

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Gerard Laboratories

Gerard Laboratories

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1 - 0 of 116 items.Total: Infinity pages

When a pharmaceutical company changes any document, a new version is published on medicines.ie. For each version, we show the dates it was published on medicines.ie and the reasons for change.

Updated on 28 August 2018 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - what you need to know - contraindications

Updated on 28 August 2018 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 16 March 2018 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • New SmPC for new product

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 16 March 2018 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.3 - Contraindications
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.6 - Pregnancy and lactation
  • Change to section 4.7 - Effects on ability to drive and use machines
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 5.3 - Preclinical safety data
  • Change to section 6.6 - Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

Each film-coated tablet contains:

Amoxicillin trihydrate equivalent to 250 mg amoxicillin
Potassium clavulanate equivalent to 125 mg clavulanic acid

Excipients with known effect: eEach tablet contains 24 mg of potassium

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

 

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

Doses are expressed throughout in terms of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid content except when doses are stated in terms of an individual component.

The dose of Germentin that is selected to treat an individual infection should take into account:

• The expected pathogens and their likely susceptibility to antibacterial agents (see section 4.4)
• The severity and the site of the infection
• The age, weight and renal function of the patient as shown below.

The use of alternative presentations of Germentin (e.g. those that provide higher doses of amoxicillin and/or different ratios of amoxicillin to clavulanic acid) should be considered as necessary (see sections 4.4 and 5.1).
 
For adults and children ≥ 40 kg, this formulation of Germentin provides a total daily dose of 750 mg amoxicillin/375 mg clavulanic acid, when administered as recommended below. If it is considered that a higher daily dose of amoxicillin is required, it is recommended that another preparation of Germentin is selected in order to avoid administration of unnecessarily high daily doses of clavulanic acid (see sections 4.4 and 5.1).

Treatment should not be extended beyond 14 days without review.

Adults and children ≥ 40 kg

One 250 mg/125 mg tablet taken three times a day.

Children < 40 kg

Germentin is not recommended in children < 40 kg.

Elderly Older people
 
No dose adjustment is considered necessary.

Method of administration

Germentin is for oral use.

Germentin should be administered with Administer at the start of a meal to minimise potential gastrointestinal intolerance and optimise absorption of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Before initiating therapy with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, careful enquiry should be made concerning previous hypersensitivity reactions to penicillins, cephalosporins or other beta-lactam agents (see sections 4.3 and 4.8).

Hepatic events have been reported predominantly in males and elderly older patients and may be associated with prolonged treatment. These events have been very rarely reported in children. In all populations, signs and symptoms usually occur during or shortly after treatment but in some cases may not become apparent until several weeks after treatment has ceased. These are usually reversible. Hepatic events may be severe and, in extremely rare circumstances, deaths have been reported. These have almost always occurred in patients with serious underlying disease or taking concomitant medications known to have the potential for hepatic effects (see section 4.8).

Antibiotic-associated colitis has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents including amoxicillin and may range in severity from mild to life threatening (see section 4.8). Therefore, it is important to consider this diagnosis in patients who present with diarrhoea during or subsequent to the administration of any antibiotics. Should antibiotic-associated colitis occur, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid should immediately be discontinued, a physician be consulted and an appropriate therapy initiated. Anti-peristaltic medicinal products are contraindicated in this situation.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to pregnancy, embryonal/foetal development, parturition or postnatal development (see section 5.3). Limited data on the use of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid during pregnancy in humans do not indicate an increased risk of congenital malformations. In a single study in women with preterm, premature rupture of the foetal membrane it was reported that prophylactic treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid may be associated with an increased risk of necrotising enterocolitis in neonates. Use should be avoided during pregnancy, unless considered essential by the physician.

Breast-feeding

Both substances are excreted into breast milk (nothing is known of the effects of clavulanic acid on the breast-fed infant). Consequently, diarrhoea and fungus infection of the mucous membranes are possible in the breast-fed infant, so that breast-feeding might have to be discontinued. The possibility of sensitisation should be taken into account.

Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid should only be used during breast-feeding after benefit/risk assessment by the physician in charge.

5.1 Pharmacodynamic Properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Combinations of penicillins, incl. beta-lactamase inhibitors; ATC code: J01CR02.

Mechanism of action

Amoxicillin is a semisynthetic penicillin (beta-lactam antibiotic) that inhibits one or more enzymes (often referred to as penicillin-binding proteins, PBPs) in the biosynthetic pathway of bacterial peptidoglycan, which is an integral structural component of the bacterial cell wall. Inhibition of peptidoglycan synthesis leads to weakening of the cell wall, which is usually followed by cell lysis and death.

Amoxicillin is susceptible to degradation by beta-lactamases produced by resistant bacteria and therefore the spectrum of activity of amoxicillin alone does not include organisms which produce these enzymes.

Clavulanic acid is a beta-lactam structurally related to penicillins. It inactivates some beta-lactamase enzymes thereby preventing inactivation of amoxicillin. Clavulanic acid alone does not exert a clinically useful antibacterial effect.

Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics PK/PD relationship

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, genotoxicity and toxicity to reproduction.

Repeat dose toxicity studies performed in dogs with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid demonstrate gastric irritancy and vomiting, and discoloured tongue.

Carcinogenicity studies have not been conducted with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or its components.

 

6.6 Special precautions for disposal

Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements No special requirements for disposal.

 

 

Updated on 15 March 2018 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • New PIL for new product

Updated on 15 March 2018 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - what you need to know - contraindications
  • Change to section 3 - how to take/use
  • Change to section 5 - how to store or dispose

Updated on 3 October 2017 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use


Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity reactions (including anaphylactoid and severe cutaneous adverse) reactions) have been reported in patients on penicillin therapy. These reactions are more likely to occur in individuals with a history of penicillin hypersensitivity and in atopic individuals. If an allergic reaction occurs, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid therapy must be discontinued and appropriate alternative therapy instituted.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders7

Skin rash

Uncommon

Pruritus

Uncommon

Urticaria

Uncommon

Erythema multiforme

Rare

Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Not known

Toxic epidermal necrolysis

Not known

Bullous exfoliative-dermatitis

Not known

Acute generalised exanthemous pustulosis (AGEP)9

Not known

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)

Not known


10. DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

September 20174

Updated on 2 October 2017 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4 - possible side effects
  • Change to section 6 - date of revision

Updated on 10 November 2014 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 3 - Pharmaceutical form
  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.3 - Contraindications
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.6 - Pregnancy and lactation
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 5.3 - Preclinical safety data
  • Change to section 6.1 - List of excipients
  • Change to section 6.4 - Special precautions for storage
  • Change to section 6.5 - Nature and contents of container

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

section 2:

Excipients with known effect: each tablet contains 24 mg of potassium

 

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

 


section 4.2

Posology


Older people

section 4.3

1.1    Contraindications

 

Hypersensitivity to the active substances, to any of the penicillins or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

section 4.4

This medicine contains 24 mg potassium per tablet. To be taken into consideration by patients with reduced kidney function or patients on a controlled potassium diet.


section 4.5

Allopurinol

 

Concomitant use of allopurinol during treatment with amoxicillin can increase the likelihood of allergic skin reactions.

 

Mycophenolate mofetil

 

In patients receiving mycophenolate mofetil, reduction in pre-dose concentration of the active metabolite mycophenolic acid (MPA) of approximately 50% has been reported following commencement of oral amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid. The change in pre-dose level may not accurately represent changes in overall MPA exposure. Therefore, a change in the dose of mycophenolate mofetil should not normally be necessary in the absence of clinical evidence of graft dysfunction. However, close clinical monitoring should be performed during the combination and shortly after antibiotic treatment.



section 4.6

Breast-feeding

section 4.8

Aseptic meningitis

Not known



reporting of adverse rections

section 5.1

 

Mechanism of action

section 6.1

 

1.1    List of excipients

 

Tablet core

Magnesium stearate

Talc

Povidone

Cellulose, microcrystalline

Croscarmellose sodium

 

Film coating

Triethyl citrate

Hypromellose

Talc

Ethylcellulose

Sodium laurilsulfate

Titanium dioxide (E171)

Cetyl alcohol.

section 6.5

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

 

Updated on 6 November 2014 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to drug interactions
  • Change to information about pregnancy or lactation
  • Change to further information section
  • Change to date of revision
  • Changes to therapeutic indications
  • Change of special precautions for disposal
  • Addition of information on reporting a side effect.

Updated on 22 July 2014 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to storage instructions
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to further information section
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 8 August 2012 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Correction of spelling/typing errors

Updated on 26 May 2011 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.3 - Contraindications
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.6 - Pregnancy and lactation
  • Change to section 4.7 - Effects on ability to drive and use machines
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 4.9 - Overdose
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 5.3 - Preclinical safety data

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

SPC updated in line with an Article 30 Referral issued 25June2009. Sections 4.1,4.2,4.3,4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9,5.1, 5.2,5.3 updated.These sections had too many changes to capture/type them all here.

Updated on 29 October 2010 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change of contraindications
  • Change to instructions about overdose
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to information about pregnancy or lactation
  • Change to information about driving or using machinery
  • Change to how the medicine works
  • Changes to therapeutic indications
  • Change of special precautions for disposal

Updated on 19 May 2008 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

 Variation approved to update excipients in line with guidelines (Potassium), and warning in section 4.4

Updated on 29 April 2008 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to further information section

Updated on 1 February 2008 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change of trade or active ingredient name
  • Change of inactive ingredient
  • Change to storage instructions
  • Change to side-effects

Updated on 1 February 2008 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 1 - Name of medicinal product
  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 4.9 - Overdose
  • Change to section 6.1 - List of excipients
  • Change to section 6.4 - Special precautions for storage

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

 SmPC updated with renewal approved 01/2008

Updated on 4 January 2008 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 6.3 - Shelf life

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

 Updated SmPC following approval of increase in shelf life from 24 to 36 months

Updated on 25 August 2006 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Improved electronic presentation

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 17 September 2004 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • New PIL for medicines.ie

Updated on 9 August 2004 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • New SPC for new product

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)