Mylan IRE Healthcare Limited
Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on medicines.ie: 5/7/2017
Colofac 135mg Tablets
Colofac 135 mg tablets
Mebeverine Hydrochloride 135 mg.
Excipient with known effect: also includes Lactose monohydrate 97.0 mg per tablet and Sucrose 79.0 mg per tablet.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1
White, circular, sugar coated tablet.
4.1 Therapeutic indications
For use in the management of irritable bowel syndrome, (particularly gastrointestinal spasm).
4.2 Posology and method of administration
For oral use.
The coated tablets should be swallowed with a sufficient amount of water (at least 100 ml water). They should not be chewed because of the unpleasant taste.
Adults and children over 10 years:
One tablet three times a day preferably 20 minutes before meals.
Duration of use is not limited. However, after a period of several weeks when the desired effect has been obtained, the dosage may be gradually reduced.
In case of missed dose(s), the patient should continue with the next dose as prescribed; do not take the missed dose(s) in addition to the regular dose.
Children under 10 years:
Colofac should not be used in children aged 3 years and younger as no clinical data are available. For children from 3-10 years Colofac 135mg tablets should not be used due to the high content of the active substance.
No posology studies in elderly, renal and/or hepatic impaired patients have been performed. No specific risk for elderly, renal and/or hepatic impaired patients could be identified from available post-marketing data. No dosage adjustment is deemed necessary in elderly, renal and/or hepatic impaired patients.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Prior to treating patients with mebeverine, care should be taken to exclude organic disease of the bowel, particularly malignancy.
Since Colofac coated tablets contain lactose, patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.
Since Colofac coated tablets contain sucrose, patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
No interaction studies have been performed, with the exception of alcohol.In vitro and in-vivo studies in animals have demonstrated the absence of any interaction between Colofac and ethanol.
4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
There are no or limited amount of data from the use of mebeverine in pregnant women. Animal studies are insufficient with respect to reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). Colofac is not recommended during pregnancy.
It is unknown whether mebeverine or its metabolites are excreted in human milk. The excretion of mebeverine in milk has not been studied in animals. Colofac should not be used during breast-feeding.
There are no clinical data regarding impact on male or female fertility; however, available animal studies do not indicate harmful effects of Colofac (see section 5.3).
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. The pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profile as well as post-marketing experience do not indicate any harmful effect of mebeverine on the ability to drive or to use machines.
4.8 Undesirable effects
The following adverse events have been reported spontaneously during post-marketing use. A precise frequency cannot be estimated from available data.
Allergic reactions mainly but not exclusively limited to the skin have been observed.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
Urticaria, angioedema, face oedema, exanthema
Immune system disorders:
Hypersensitivity (anaphylactic reactions).
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517. Website: www.hpra.ie; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Theoretically, CNS excitability may occur in cases of overdosage. In cases where mebeverine was taken in overdose, symptoms were either absent or mild and usually rapidly reversible. Observed symptoms of overdose were of neurological and cardiovascular nature.
No specific antidote is known and symptomatic treatment is recommended. Gastric lavage should only be considered in case of multiple intoxication discovered within about one hour. Absorption reducing measures are not necessary.
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Synthetic anticholinergics, esters with tertiary amino group,
ATC Code: A03AA04
Mechanism of action and pharmacodynamic effects
Mebeverine is a musculotropic antispasmodic with a direct effect on the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract, without affecting normal gut motility.
The exact mechanism of action is not known, but multiple mechanisms, such as a decrease in ion channel permeabilities, blockade of noradrenaline reuptake, a local anesthetic effect, changes in water absorption might contribute to the local effect of mebeverine on the gastrointestinal tract. Via these mechanisms mebeverine has antispasmodic effects leading to normalization of gut motility without exerting a permanent relaxation of smooth muscle cells in the gastrointestinal tract (so called hypotonia). Systemic side-effects as seen with typical anti-cholinergics are absent.
Clinical efficacy and safety
The clinical efficacy and safety of different formulations of mebeverine was evaluated in more than 1500 patients. Considerable improvements in the predominant syptomatology of ittitable bowel syndrome (e.g. abdominal pain, stool characteristics) were generally observed in reference or baseline-controlled clinical studies.
All formulations of mebeverine were generally safe and well tolerated in the recommended dose regimen.
Clinical trials with the tablet or capsule formulations have been performed in adults only. Clinical efficacy and safety data from clinical trials as well as from post-marketing experience with a suspension formulation of mebeverine pamoate > 3 years of age have shown that mebeverine is efficacious, safe and well tolerated.
Clinical studies with mebeverine suspension showed that mebeverine was efficacious in ameliorating the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in childhood. Further open, baseline-controlled studies with mebeverine suspension confirmed the efficacy of the drug.
The dosing schedule for the tablet or capsule formulation was calculated based on the consistent safety and favourable tolerability of mebeverine.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Mebeverine is rapidly and completely absorbed after oral administration of tablets.
No significant accumulation occurs after multiple doses.
Mebeverine hydrochloride is mainly metabolized by esterases, which split the ester bonds into veratric acid and mebeverine alcohol firstly.
The main metabolite in plasma is DMAC (demethylated carboxylic acid).
The steady state elimination half-life of DMAC is 2.45 h. During multiple dosing Cmax of DMAC for the coated tablets with 135mg is 1670 ng/ml and tmax is 1 h.
Mebeverine is not excreted as such, but metabolised completely; the metabolites are excreted nearly completely. Veratric acid is excreted in the urine, mebeverine alcohol is also excreted in the urine, partly as the corresponding carboxylic acid (MAC) and partly as the demethylated carboxylic acid (DMAC).
No pharmacokinetic studies have been conducted in children with any formulation of mebeverine.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
Effects in repeat-dose studies after oral and parenteral doses were indicative of central nervous involvement with behavioural excitation, mainly tremor and convulsions. In the dog, the most sensitive species, these effects were seen at oral doses equivalent to 3 times the maximum recommended clinical dose of 400mg/day based on body surface area (mg/m2) comparisons.
The reproductive toxicity of mebeverine was not sufficiently investigated in animal studies.
There was no indication of teratogenic potential in rats and rabbits. However, embryotoxic effects (reduction in litter size, increased incidence of resorption) were noticed in rats at doses equivalent to twice the maximum daily clinical dose. This effect was not observed in rabbits.
No effects on male or female fertility were noted in rats at doses equivalent to the maximum clinical dose.
In conventional in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity tests mebeverine was devoid of genotoxic effects. No carcinogenicity studies have been performed
6.1 List of excipients
Starch (potato or maize)
6.3 Shelf life
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 30°C.
Store in the original package to protect from light.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
AL/PVC blisters in boxes containing 4 (physician's sample) or 100 tablets.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Mylan IRE Healthcare Limited,
Baldoyle Industrial Estate,
Date of first authorisation: 07 February 1983
Date of last renewal: 07 February 2008