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Pfizer Healthcare Ireland

Pfizer Healthcare Ireland

Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on 31/5/2016

Provera Tablets 100 mg


Provera 100 mg Tablets


Each tablet contains 100 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1



White, round flat tablets marked 'U-467' on one side and scored on the other.

The score line is only to facilitate breaking for ease of swallowing and not to divide into equal doses.


4.1 Therapeutic indications

As a progestogenic agent in the treatment of hormone-dependent neoplasmssuch as endometrial carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma, and carcinoma of the breast in post menopausal women.

4.2 Posology and method of administration


Endometrial and renal cell carcinoma:

The usual total daily dose is 200 to 400 mg.

Breast carcinoma:

The usual total daily dose is 400 to 800 mg. The incidence of side effects increases with doses to 1000 mg.

Treatment may be required for 8-10 weeks before an assessment of response can be made.

Method of administration

For oral use.

4.3 Contraindications

Use in patients with liver dysfunction or disease.

Use in patients with thromboembolic disorders or a history thereof.

Use in patients that are known or suspected to be pregnant.

Use in patients with undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.

Hypersensitive to the active substance medroxyprogesterone acetate or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Before using Provera the general medical condition of the patient should be carefully evaluated.

This product should be used under the supervision of a specialist and the patients should be kept under regular surveillance.

Decrease in Bone Mineral Density

There are no studies on the bone mineral density (BMD) effects of orally administered medroxyprogesterone acetate.

However, a clinical study of adult women of childbearing potential given medroxyprogesterone acetate IM, 150 mg every 3 months, for contraception, demonstrated an average decrease of 5.4% in lumbar spine BMD over 5 years, with at least partial recovery of this bone loss during the first two years after treatment is discontinued. A similar clinical study of medroxyprogesterone acetate 150 mg IM every 3 months in adolescent females, for contraception, demonstrated similar decreases in BMD, which were also more pronounced during the first two years of treatment and which again were at least partially reversible when treatment was discontinued, Decreases in serum estrogen due to medroxyprogesterone acetate may result in a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) in a pre-menopausal woman and may increase her risk for developing osteoporosis later in life.

It is recommended that all patients have adequate calcium and vitamin D intake.

An evaluation of BMD may be appropriate in some patients who use medroxyprogesterone acetate long-term.

Unexpected vaginal bleeding during therapy with medroxyprogesterone acetate should be investigated.

This product can exert adrenocortical effects. Some patients receiving medroxyprogesterone acetate may exhibit suppressed adrenal function. Medroxyprogesterone acetate may decrease ACTH and hydrocortisone blood levels. This should be borne in mind in patient surveillance and regular monitoring instituted during therapy with high doses or over long periods.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate may produce Cushingoid symptoms.

The use of this product in some patients may result in weight gain or fluid retention. As medroxyprogesterone acetate may cause some degree of fluid retention, caution should be exercised in treating any patient with a pre-existing medical condition that might be adversely affected by fluid retention.

This product should be used with caution in patients with epilepsy, migraine, asthma, hypertension, cardiac or renal dysfunction.

A decrease in glucose tolerance may occur. Patients with latent or actual diabetes should be kept under careful surveillance.

Acute impairment of vision, onset of migraine, diplopia or proptosis are indications for ophthalmological evaluation for papilloedema or retinal vascular disease. If examination reveals papilledema or retinal vascular lesions, medication should not be re-administered.

Hypercalcaemia may occur in patients with breast cancer.

Patients who have a history of mental depression should be carefully observed and the drug discontinued if the depression recurs to a serious degree.

Provera has not been causally associated with the induction of thromboembolic disorders; however any patient who develops this kind of event while undergoing treatment with Provera should have their general medical condition and need for treatment assessed before continuing therapy.

The physician/ laboratory should be informed that use of medroxyprogesterone acetate may decrease the levels of the following endocrine biomarkers:

a. Plasma/urinary steroids (e.g., cortisol, estrogen, pregnanediol, progesterone, testosterone)

b. Plasma/urinary gonadotrophins (e.g., LH and FSH)

c. Sex-hormone-binding-globulin

The results of glucose tolerance and metyrapone tests may be affected by the use of Provera.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate may also cause partial adrenal insufficiency (decrease in pituitary-adrenal axis response) during metyrapone testing. Thus the ability of adrenal cortex to respond to ACTH should be demonstrated before metyrapone is administered.

Pathologists should be informed of the patient's ingestion of Provera if endometrial or endocervical tissue is submitted for examination.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Aminoglutethimide administered concomitantly with high doses of medroxyprogesterone acetate may significantly depress the serum concentrations of medroxyprogesterone acetate. Users of high-dose medroxyprogesterone acetate should be warned of the possibility of decreased efficacy with the use of aminoglutethimide.

Interactions with other medicinal treatments (including oral anti-coagulants) have rarely been reported, but causality has not been determined. The possibility of interaction should be borne in mind in patients receiving concurrent treatment with other drugs.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is metabolized in-vitro primarily by hydroxylation via the CYP3A4. Specific drug-drug interaction studies evaluating the clinical effects with CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors on MPA have not been conducted and therefore the clinical effects of CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors are unknown.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation


Medroxyprogesterone acetate is contraindicated in women who are pregnant.

Some reports suggest an association between intrauterine exposure to progestational drugs in the first trimester of pregnancy and genital abnormalities in male and female foetuses.

Infants from unintentional pregnancies that occur 1 to 2 months after injection of medroxyprogesterone acetate injectable suspension may be at an increased risk of low birth weight, which, in turn, is associated with an increased risk of neonatal death. The attributable risk is low because pregnancies while on medroxyprogesterone acetate are uncommon. There is no definitive information for the other formulations of medroxyprogesterone acetate (see section 5.2).

If medroxyprogesterone acetate is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while using this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the foetus.

Progesterone and certain progestogens have been shown to produce reversible virilization in some female offspring of women treated with such substances during pregnancy.


Medroxyprogesterone acetate and its metabolites are excreted in breast milk. There is no evidence to suggest that this presents any hazard to the nursing child.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

No adverse effect has been reported.

4.8 Undesirable effects

The table below provides a listing of adverse drug reactions with frequency based on all-causality data from 1337 patients who received MPA in 4 pivotal studies that evaluated efficacy and safety of MPA for oncology indications.

The following lists of adverse reactions are listed within the organ system classes, under headings of frequency (number of patients expected to experience the reaction), using the following categories:

Very common (≥1/10)

Common (≥1/100 to <1/10);

Uncommon (≥1/1000 to <1/100);

Rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1000);

Very rare (<1/10,000);

Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

System Organ Class

Very Common ≥1/10


≥ 1/100 to < 1/10


≥ 1/1000 to < 1/100

Rare ≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1000

Very Rare

< 1/10,000

Frequency Not Known (cannot be estimated from available data)

Immune system disorders


Drug hypersensitivity

Anaphylactic reaction, Anaphylactoid reaction

Endocrine disorders

Corticoid-like effects

Prolonged anovulation

Metabolism and nutritional disorders

Weight fluctuation, Increased appetite

Diabetes mellitus exacerbated, Hypercalcaemia

Psychiatric disorders


Depression, Euphoria, Changes in libido



Nervous system disorders

Headache, Dizziness, Tremors

Cerebral infarction, Somnolence

Loss of concentration, Adrenergic-like effects

Eye disorders

Retinal embolism and thrombosis, Cataract diabetic, Visual impairment

Cardiac disorders

Cardiac failure congestive

Myocardial infarction

Tachycardia, Palpitations

Vascular disorders


Embolism and thrombosis

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Pulmonary embolism

Gastrointestinal disorders

Vomiting, Constipation, Nausea,

Diarrhoea, Dry mouth

Hepatobiliary disorders


Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders


Acne, Hirsutism

Alopecia, Rash

Urticaria, Pruritus

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Muscle spasms

Renal and urinary system disorders


Reproductive system and breast disorders

Erectile dysfunction

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (irregular, increase, decrease, spotting), Breast pain

Amenorrhoea, Uterine cervical erosions, Cervical discharge, Galactorrhoea

General disorders and administration site conditions

Oedema /fluid retention, Fatigue

Malaise, Pyrexia


Glucose tolerance decreased, Blood pressure increased

Liver function test abnormal, White blood cell count increased, Platelet count increased

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971, Fax: +353 1 6762517; Website:; E-mail:

4.9 Overdose

No action required other than cessation of therapy.


5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Progestogens, ATC code: L02AB02,

Medroxyprogesterone acetate has the pharmacological action of progestogen.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Medroxyprogesterone acetate is absorbed from the gastro intestinal tract. It is hydroxylated in the liver.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

No further preclinical safety data available.


6.1 List of excipients

Microcrystalline cellulose

Maize starch

Byco C (Hydrolysed gelatine)

Macrogol 400

Sodium starch glycollate (Type A)

Docusate sodium with sodium benzoate

Magnesium stearate

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

3 years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25°C.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Amber glass bottles with screw caps or HDPE bottles with tamper evident caps containing 100 tablets.

PVC/Al foil blister strips of 10 tablets, each box containing 3, 6 or 10 strips. (30, 60, 100 tablets respectively).

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements for disposal.


Pfizer Healthcare Ireland

9 Riverwalk

National Digital Park

Citywest Business Campus

Dublin 24


PA 822/134/4


Date of first authorisation: 5th March 1994

Date of last renewal: 1st April 2008



Ref: PV HD 7_0

It is recommended that you also refer to as the Summary of Product Characteristics may have been updated since this copy was printed.