Envarsus 0.75mg; 1mg; 4mg prolonged-release tablet *
Pharmacy Only: Prescription

  • Company:

    Chiesi Limited
  • Status:

    Updated
  • Legal Category:

    Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)
  • Active Ingredient(s):

    *Additional information is available within the SPC or upon request to the company

Updated on 02 August 2022

File name

62e904f31fc4b.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4.4    Special warnings and precautions for use

Substances with potential for interaction

Inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 should only be co-administered with tacrolimus after consulting a transplant specialist, due to the potential for drug interactions resulting in serious adverse reactions including rejection or toxicity (see section 4.5).

CYP3A4 inhibitors

When substances with a potential for interaction (see section 4.5), particularly strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 (such as telaprevir, boceprevir, ritonavir, ketoconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole, telithromycin, or clarithromycin) or inducers of CYP3A4 (such as rifampicin or rifabutin), are being combined with tacrolimus,Concomitant use with CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase tacrolimus blood levels, which could lead to serious adverse reactions, including nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity and QT prolongation. It is recommended that concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (such as ritonavir, cobicistat, ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin or josamycin) with tacrolimus should be avoided. If unavoidable, tacrolimus blood levels should be monitored frequently, starting within the first few days of coadministration, under the supervision of a transplant specialist, to adjust the tacrolimus dose as if appropriate in order to maintain similar tacrolimus exposure. Renal function, ECG including the QT interval, and the clinical condition of the patient should also be closely monitored.

Dose adjustment needs to be based upon the individual situation of each patient. An immediate dose reduction at the time of treatment initiation may be required (see section 4.5).

Similarly, discontinuation of CYP3A4 inhibitors may affect the rate of metabolism of tacrolimus, thereby leading to subtherapeutic blood levels of tacrolimus, and therefore requires close monitoring and supervision of a transplant specialist.

CYP3A4 inducers

Concomitant use with CYP3A4 inducers may decrease tacrolimus blood levels, potentially increasing the risk of transplant rejection. It is recommended that concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inducers (such as rifampicin, phenytoin, carbamazepine), with tacrolimus should be avoided. If unavoidable, tacrolimus blood levels should be monitored frequently, starting within the first few days of coadministration, under the supervision of a transplant specialist, to adjust the tacrolimus dose if appropriate, in order to maintain similar tacrolimus exposure. Graft function should also be closely monitored (see section 4.5).

Similarly, discontinuation of CYP3A4 inducers may affect the rate of metabolism of tacrolimus, and thereby leading to supratherapeutic blood levels of tacrolimus, and therefore requires close monitoring and supervision of a transplant specialist.

P-glycoprotein 

Caution should be observed when co-administering tacrolimus with drugs that inhibit P-glycoprotein, as an increase in tacrolimus levels may occur. Tacrolimus whole blood levels and the clinical condition of the patient should be monitored closely. An adjustment of the tacrolimus dose may be required (see section 4.5).

Nephrotoxicity

Tacrolimus can result in renal function impairment in post-transplant patients. Acute renal impairment without active intervention may progress to chronic renal impairment. Acute renal impairment without active intervention may progress to chronic renal impairment. 

4.5    Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Metabolic interactions

Systemically available tacrolimus is metabolised by hepatic CYP3A4. There is also evidence of gastrointestinal metabolism by CYP3A4 in the intestinal wall. Concomitant use of medicinal products or herbal preparations  substances known to inhibit or induce CYP3A4 may affect the metabolism of tacrolimus and thereby increase or decrease tacrolimus blood levels. Similarly, discontinuation of such products or herbal preparations may affect the rate of metabolism of tacrolimus and thereby the blood levels of tacrolimus.

Pharmacokinetics studies have indicated that the increase in tacrolimus blood levels when co-administered with inhibitors of CYP3A4 is mainly a result of increase in oral bioavailability of tacrolimus owing to the inhibition of gastrointestinal metabolism. Effect on hepatic clearance is less pronounced.

It is strongly recommended strongly to closely monitor tacrolimus blood levels under supervision of a transplant specialist, as well as monitor for graft function, QT prolongation (with ECG), renal function and other undesirable effects including neurotoxicity, whenever substances which have the potential to alter CYP3A4 metabolism or otherwise influence tacrolimus blood levels are used concomitantly, and to adjust or interrupt or adjust the tacrolimus dose as if appropriate in order to maintain similar tacrolimus exposure (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).). Similarly, patients should be closely monitored when using tacrolimus concomitantly with multiple substances that affect CYP3A4 as the effects on tacrolimus exposure may be enhanced or counteracted.

Medicinal products which have effects on tacrolimus are listed in the table below. The examples of drug-drug interactions are not intended to be inclusive or comprehensive and therefore the label of each drug that is co-administered with tacrolimus should be consulted for information related to the route of metabolism, interaction pathways, potential risks, and specific actions to be taken with regards to co-administration.

Updated Table: Medicinal products which have effects on tacrolimus

High potassium intake, potassium-sparing diuretics (e.g., amiloride, triamterene, or spironolactone), May increase tacrolimus associated hyperkalaemia or may increase pre-existing hyperkalaemia., High potassium intake, or potassium-sparing diuretics should be avoided [see section 4.4].

As tacrolimus treatment may be associated with hyperkalaemia, or may increase pre-existing hyperkalaemia, high potassium intake, or potassium-sparing diuretics (e.g. amiloride, triamterene, or spironolactone) should be avoided (see section 4.4). Care should be taken when tacrolimus is coadministered with other agents that increase serum potassium, such as trimethoprim and cotrimoxazole (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole), as trimethoprim is known to act as a potassium-sparing diuretic like amiloride. Close monitoring of serum potassium is recommended.

4.8    Undesirable effects

Table updated:

Blood and lymphatic system disorders - Not known- febrile neutropenia

Nervous system disorders-Not known- Posterior reversible encephalo­pathy syndrome (PRES)

General disorders and administration site conditions- Not known- febrile neutropenia


Updated on 02 August 2022

File name

62e90041b9658.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - what you need to know - warnings and precautions
  • Change to section 2 - interactions with other medicines, food or drink
  • Change to section 4 - possible side effects

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 2 What you need to know before you take Envarsus,

Warnings and precautions

Please avoid taking any herbal remedies, e.g. St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) or any other herbal products as this may affect the effectiveness and the dose of Envarsus that you need to receive. If in doubt, please consult your doctor prior to taking any herbal products or remedies.

 Other medicines and Envarsus

If you need to attend a doctor other than your transplant specialist, tell the doctor that you are taking tacrolimus. Your doctor may need to consult your transplant specialist if you should use another medicine that could increase or decrease your tacrolimus blood level.

Some patients have experienced increases in tacrolimus blood levels while taking other medicines. This could lead to serious side effects, such as kidney problems, nervous system problems, and heart rhythm disturbances (see section 4).

An effect on the Envarsus blood levels may occur very soon after starting the use of another medicine, therefore frequent continued monitoring of your Envarsus blood level may be needed within the first few days of starting another medicine and frequently while treatment with the other medicine continues. Some other medicines may cause tacrolimus blood levels to decrease, which could increase the risk of rejecting the transplanted organ. 

Tell your doctor if you are receiving treatment for hepatitis C. The drug treatment for hepatitis C may change your liver function and may affect blood levels of tacrolimus. Tacrolimus blood levels may fall or may increase depending on the medicines prescribed for hepatitis C. Your doctor may need to closely monitor tacrolimus blood levels and make adjustments to the dose after you start treatment for hepatitis C.

Tell your doctor if you are taking or need to take ibuprofen (used to treat fever, inflammation and pain), antibiotics (cotrimoxazole, vancomycin, or aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin), amphotericin B (used to treat fungal infections), or antivirals (used to treat viral infections, e.g.cyclovir, ganciclovir, cidofovir, foscarnet). 

And Section 4  Possible side effects


Tell your doctor immediately if you have or suspect you may have any of the following serious side effects:


Serious common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):

-            Gastrointestinal perforation: strong abdominal pain accompanied or not with other symptoms, such as chills, fever, nausea or vomiting.

-            Insufficient function of your transplanted organ.

-            Blurred vision.


Serious uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):

-            Haemolytic uraemic syndrome, a condition with the following symptoms: low or no urine output (acute renal failure), extreme tiredness, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaudince) and abnormal bruising or bleeding and signs of infection.


Serious rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1 ,000 people):

-            Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (or TTP) a condition characterised by fever and bruising under the skin that may appear as red pinpoint dots, with or without unexplained extreme tiredness, confusion, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), with symptoms of acute renal failure (low or no urine output).

-            Toxic epidermal necrolysis: erosion and blistering of skin or mucous membranes, red swollen skin that can detach in large parts of the body.

-            Blindness.


Serious very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 ,000 people):

-            Stevens-Johnson syndrome: unexplained widespread skin pain, facial swelling, serious illness with blistering of skin, mouth, eyes and genitals, hives, tongue swelling, red or purple skin rash that spreads, skin shedding. 

-            Torsades de Pointes: change in the heart frequency that can be accompanied or not of symptoms, such as chest pain (angina), faint, vertigo or nausea, palpitations (feeling the heartbeat) and difficulty breathing.


Serious side effects – frequency not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):

-            Opportunistic infections (bacterial, fungal, viral and protozoal): prolonged diarrhoea, fever and sore throat.

-            Benign and malignant tumours have been reported following treatment as a result of immunosuppression.

-            Cases of pure red cell aplasia (a very severe reduction in red blood cell counts), haemolytic anaemia (decreased number of red blood cells due to abnormal breakdown accompanied with tiredness) and febrile neutropenia ( a decrease in the type of white blood cells which fight infection, accompanied by fever) have been reported. It is not known exactly how often these side effects occur. You may have no symptoms or depending on the severity of the condition, you may feel: fatigue, apathy, abnormal paleness of the skin (pallor), shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, chest pain and coldness in hands and feet.

-            Cases of agranulocytosis (a severely lowered number of white blood cells accompanied with ulcers in the mouth, fever and infection(s)). You may have no symptoms or you may feel sudden fever, rigors and sore throat.

-            Allergic and anaphylactic reactions with the following symptoms: a sudden itchy rash (hives), swelling of hands, feet, ankle, face, lips, mouth or throat (which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing) and you may feel you are going to faint.

-            Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): headache, confusion, mood changes, fits, and disturbances of your vision. These could be signs of a disorder known as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, which has been reported in some patients treated with tacrolimus.

-                Optic neuropathy (abnormality of the optic nerve): problems with your vision such as blurred vision, changes in colour vision, difficulty in seeing detail or restriction of your field of vision.



Updated on 02 March 2022

File name

Envarsus PIL CP0051-5_1646214257.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - interactions with other medicines, food or drink
  • Change to section 4 - possible side effects

Updated on 02 March 2022

File name

Envarsus SmPC EU_CS0084-4_1646213968.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 16 March 2020

File name

Envarsus EU CS0084-3_1584377242.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 16 March 2020

File name

Envarus EU CP0051-4_1584377031.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - interactions with other medicines, food or drink
  • Change to section 4 - possible side effects
  • Change to section 6 - date of revision

Updated on 08 August 2019

File name

Envarsus EU CP0051-3_1565252623.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - what you need to know - warnings and precautions
  • Change to section 2 - interactions with other medicines, food or drink
  • Change to section 2 - pregnancy, breast feeding and fertility
  • Change to section 2 - excipient warnings
  • Change to section 3 - how to take/use
  • Change to section 4 - possible side effects
  • Change to section 4 - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 6 - what the product contains
  • Change to section 6 - marketing authorisation holder
  • Change to section 6 - manufacturer
  • Change to section 6 - date of revision

Updated on 04 July 2019

File name

Envarus EU CS0084-2_1562231214.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 4.4 - Inclusion of Eye Disorders

Section 10 - Date of revision - June 2019

EDM Updated on 04 May 2018

File name

Envarsus Patient Card - IE CLC025-1.PDF

Reasons for updating

  • Add New Doc

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Envarsus Prolonged-release tacrolimus tablets Patient Card

EDM Updated on 04 May 2018

File name

Envarsus HCP - IE CLC011-2.PDF

Reasons for updating

  • Add New Doc

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Educational materials for the healthcare professional (doctor or pharmacist) Please read the full Summary of Product Characteristics before prescribing Envarsus

Updated on 17 August 2016

File name

PIL_16440_340.pdf

Reasons for updating

  • New PIL for new product

Updated on 17 August 2016

Reasons for updating

  • Change of manufacturer
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 01 June 2016

Reasons for updating

  • Change to date of revision
  • Addition of joint PIL covering all presentations

Updated on 20 April 2016

Reasons for updating

  • New SPC for new product

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 20 April 2016

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 1 - Name of medicinal product
  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 3 - Pharmaceutical form
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 8 - MA number
  • Change to section 9 - Date of renewal of authorisation
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text
  • Change to joint SPC covering all presentations

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 1 Name of the Medicinal Product - Envarsus 1 mg prolonged-release table

Envarsus 4 mg prolonged-release tablets has been added

Section 2 Qualitative and Quantitative composition - Envarsus 0.75 mg prolonged-release tablets,Envarsus 1 mg prolonged-release tablets Each prolonged-release tablet contains 1 mg tacrolimus (as monohydrate). Excipient with known effect: Each tablet contains 41.7 mg lactose (as monohydrate). Envarsus 4 mg prolonged-release tablets Each prolonged-release tablet contains 4 mg tacrolimus (as monohydrate). Excipient with known effect:  Each tablet contains 104 mg lactose (as monohydrate). Has been adde

Section 3 Pharmaceutical Form - 1 mg:

Oval, white to off-white uncoated tablet, debossed with “1” on one side and “TCS” on the other side. 4 mg:Oval, white to off-white uncoated tablet, debossed with “4” on one side and “TCS” on the other side. – has been added

Section 4.4 Special warnings and precautions - Envarsus is not recommended for use in children below 18 years of age due to the limited data on safety and/or efficacy. Has been removed

Paediatric population

Envarsus is not recommended for use in children below 18 years of age due to the limited data on safety and/or efficacy- has been added

Section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction- Paediatric population

Interaction studies have only been performed in adults has been added

Section 4.8 - Reporting of suspected adverse reactions - in the UK, Website: at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or in Ireland to HPRA Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL – Dublin 2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517; Website: www.hpra.ie; e-mail: medsafety@hpra.ie. has been added

Section 5.1 Pharmacodynamic effect - new subheading has been added

Clinical efficacy and safety – new subheading has been added

Section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties- Excretion changed to Elimination

Section 8 Marketing authorisation numbers(s) EU/1/14/935/001 changed to

0.75mg  EU/1/14/935/001 1mg  EU/1/14/935/004 4mg  EU/1/14/935/007

Section 9 - Date of first authorisation: added Section 10 – November 2014 changed to April 2016

 

Updated on 13 November 2015

Reasons for updating

  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 07 August 2015

Reasons for updating

  • New SPC for new product

Legal category:Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

None provided

Updated on 04 August 2015

Reasons for updating

  • New PIL for new product