Byetta 5 micrograms solution for injection, prefilled pen. Byetta 10 micrograms solution for injection, prefilled pen

  • Name:

    Byetta 5 micrograms solution for injection, prefilled pen. Byetta 10 micrograms solution for injection, prefilled pen

  • Company:
    info
  • Active Ingredients:

    Exenatide

  • Legal Category:

    Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Patient Information Leaflet Patient Information Leaflet last updated on medicines.ie: 02/05/19

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Summary of Product Characteristics last updated on medicines.ie: 12/4/2019

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AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals (Ireland) DAC

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals (Ireland) DAC

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When a pharmaceutical company changes any document, a new version is published on medicines.ie. For each version, we show the dates it was published on medicines.ie and the reasons for change.

Updated on 26 June 2019 Ed-Ptnt

Reasons for updating

  • Add New Doc

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Removed from the end of the PIL and added to the new tab.

Updated on 26 June 2019 Ed-Ptnt

Reasons for updating

  • Add New Doc

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Removed from thre end of the PIL and added to the new tab.

Updated on 2 May 2019

Updated on 15 April 2019 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - what you need to know - warnings and precautions
  • Change to section 3 - how to take/use
  • Change to section 4 - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 6 - date of revision

Updated on 12 April 2019 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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Section 4.2 – Addition of wording related to Diabetic ketoacidosis.

Section 4.4 – Addition of wording related to Diabetic ketoacidosis.

Section 4.8 – Update to UK reporting details.

Section 10 – Date of revision.

Updated on 23 October 2018 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Previous version of PIL reinstated

Updated on 13 July 2018 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to information for healthcare professionals

Updated on 4 August 2017 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • New SmPC for new product

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Updated on 4 August 2017 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 9 - Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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section 5.1 Update to ATC code and Pharmacotherapeutic group.
section 9 update to date of latest renewal.
section 10 Update to revision date

Updated on 11 August 2016 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 1 - Name of medicinal product
  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 3 - Pharmaceutical form
  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.6 - Pregnancy and lactation
  • Change to section 4.7 - Effects on ability to drive and use machines
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 6.3 - Shelf life
  • Change to section 6.4 - Special precautions for storage
  • Change to section 6.5 - Nature and contents of container
  • Change to section 6.6 - Special precautions for disposal and other handling
  • Change to section 8 - MA number
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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Section1 : Minor editorial update following renewal

Section 2: Minor editorial update following renewal

Section 3: removal of text ‘pre-filled pen’

Section 4.1 Minor editorial updates.

Section 4.2:  Minor editorial update following renewal. ‘Byetta’ changed to ‘immediate-release exenatide’ or ‘exenatide’ throughout this section.

Section 4.4:  Minor editorial updates including re-positioning of text following renewal. ‘Byetta’ changed to ‘immediate-release exenatide’ or ‘exenatide’ throughout this section, removal of text about ‘patients with BMI ≤25’ and Updates to information on cholelithiasis.

Section 4.5: Minor editorial updates following renewal, ‘Byetta’ changed to ‘Immediate-release exenatide’ or exenatide throughout this section.

Section 4.6: Minor editorial updates following renewal, ‘Byetta’ changed to ‘exenatide’

Section 4.7: Updated information on ability to drive and use machines following renewal.

Section 4.8: Minor editorial update following renewal, Byetta’ changed to ‘immediate-release exenatide’.

Section 5.1: Typo correction. Minor editorial updates following renewal. ‘Byetta’ changed to ‘ immediate-release exenatide’ throughout section.

Section 6.3: Minor editorial updates following renewal.

Section 6.4: Minor editorial update following renewal.

Section 6.5: Minor editorial update following renewal.

Section 6.6 Minor editorial update following renewal.

Section 8: Minor editorial update following renewal

Section 10 change in date of revision.

Updated on 10 August 2016 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • New PIL for new product

Updated on 10 August 2016 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to instructions about overdose
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to drug interactions
  • Change to information about pregnancy or lactation
  • Change to further information section
  • Change to date of revision
  • Change to improve clarity and readability
  • Correction of spelling/typing errors
  • Improved electronic presentation

Updated on 11 January 2016 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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Section 4.2 – editorial updates.  

Section 4.4 – reported frequencies updated for renal impairment, acute pancreatitis and interaction with warfarin.

Section 4.5 – reported frequencies updated for interaction with warfarin.

Section 4.8 – frequency of adverse events updated

Section 5.2 – editorial updates.

Section 10 – Date of revision updated

Updated on 8 January 2016 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 19 June 2015 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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Section 4.8 Malta AE reporting wording updated. Please note there is no change to the date of revision as the change is a result of an appendix V update only.

Updated on 18 June 2015 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change of manufacturer
  • Change to date of revision
  • Addition of information on reporting a side effect.

Updated on 27 January 2015 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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- Section 4.4 Adding cholelithiasis warning to section 4.4


- Section 10 - updated date of revision

Updated on 3 November 2014 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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Section 10 change to date of revision


Section 4.8 Add footnote to side effects table referencing new insulin study

Updating existing text in immunogenicity section to reflect data from new insulin study.

Updating AE reporting wording from IMB to HPRA.

Section 5.1- addition of data from insulin study.

Updated on 30 October 2014 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Correction of spelling/typing errors

Updated on 11 August 2014 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 7 - Marketing authorisation holder
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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- Section 7: MAH changed.
- Section 10: updated date of revision

Updated on 6 August 2014 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to date of revision
  • Change to marketing authorisation holder

Updated on 10 June 2014 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

- Section 4.4 Pancreatitis – to strengthen the warnings for use in patients with or a history of pancreatitis

- Section 4.8 corrected the address of the IMB for adverse event reporting
- Section 10 Updated date of revision

Updated on 8 May 2014 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to date of revision
  • Addition of information on reporting a side effect.

Updated on 17 January 2014 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Removal of black triangle
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to Section 4.8 – Undesirable effects - how to report a side effect
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text
  • Improved electronic presentation

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

μg changed to mcg throughout document. QRD changes.

 

- Section 1. - Removed black triangle symbol as it does not appear in the EU additional monitoring list


Section 4.5

Inclusion of the following statement - Paediatric Population Interaction studies have only been performed in adults
 

- Section 4.8

·         Addition of Intestinal Obstruction under Rare side effects.

·         Addition of MHRA, IMB and MA details for AE reporting

 

Section 10 – revision date

Updated on 16 January 2014 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to date of revision
  • Addition of information on reporting a side effect.
  • Improved electronic presentation

Updated on 18 October 2013 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to further information section
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 2 April 2013 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 7 - Marketing authorisation holder
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Section 4.2 Paediatric Indication

Section 4.8 Add rash as a side effect

Section 7 Update to read:

Bristol-Myers Squibb/AstraZeneca EEIG

Bristol-Myers Squibb House

Uxbridge Business Park

Sanderson Road

Uxbridge

Middlesex

UB8 1DH

United Kingdom


Section 10 updated to ready 6th March 2013

Updated on 28 March 2013 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to date of revision
  • Change to marketing authorisation holder
  • Changes to therapeutic indications

Updated on 5 July 2012 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 6.5 - Nature and contents of container
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Added text (in bold):

6.5          Nature and contents of container

Type I glass cartridge with a (bromobutyl) rubber plunger, rubber disc, and aluminium seal.  Each cartridge is assembled into a disposable pen-injector (pen).

Each pre-filled pen contains 60 doses of sterile preserved solution (approximately 1.2 ml [5 μg] or 2.4 ml [10 μg]).

Pack size of 1 and 3 pens.  Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Injection needles are not included.  The following are examples of disposable needles that can be used with the BYETTA pen: 29, 30, or 31 gauge (diameter 0.25-0.33 mm) and 12.7, 8, or 5 mm length.

Becton, Dickinson and Company needles are suitable to use with the BYETTA pen.

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

New date:

22  June 2012

Updated on 3 July 2012 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to date of revision
  • Change to dosage and administration

Updated on 2 April 2012 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.7 - Effects on ability to drive and use machines
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Changes

4.1.      Therapeutic indications

Added (bold):

 

BYETTA is indicated for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in combination with:

- metformin

- sulphonylureas

- thiazolidinediones

- metformin and a sulphonylurea

- metformin and a thiazolidinedione

in adults who have not achieved adequate glycaemic control on maximally tolerated doses of these oral therapies.

 

BYETTA is also indicated as adjunctive therapy to basal insulin with or without metformin and/or pioglitazone in adults who have not achieved adequate glycaemic control with these agents.

 

4.2 Posology and method of administration

 

Added (bold), deleted (strikethrough):

 

Posology

............. BYETTA is recommended for use in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are already receiving metformin, a sulphonylurea, or a thiazolidinedione pioglitazone and/or a basal insulin. One can continue to use BYETTA when a basal insulin is added to existing therapy. When BYETTA is added to existing metformin and/or thiazolidinedione pioglitazone therapy, the current dose of metformin and/or pioglitazone thiazolidinedione can be continued as no increased risk of hypoglycaemia is anticipated, compared to metformin or pioglitazone thiazolidinedione alone. When BYETTA is added to sulphonylurea therapy, a reduction in the dose of sulphonylurea should be considered to reduce the risk of hypoglycaemia (see section 4.4.). When BYETTA is used in combination with basal insulin, the dose of basal insulin should be evaluated. In patients at increased risk of hypoglycaemia consider reducing the dose of basal insulin (see section 4.8).

 

The dose of BYETTA does not need to be adjusted on a day-by-day basis depending on self-monitored glycaemia. However, blood glucose self-monitoring may become necessary to adjust the dose of sulphonylureas or the dose of basal insulin.

 

Method of administration

Each dose should be administered as a subcutaneous injection in the thigh, abdomen, or upper arm.

BYETTA and basal insulin must be administered as two separate injections.

For instructions for using the pen, see section 6.6 and the instructions included with the leaflet.

 

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

 

Added (bold), deleted (strikethrough):

 

BYETTA should not be used in type 2 diabetes patients who require insulin therapy due to beta-cell failure.

Concomitant medicinal products

........... The concurrent use of BYETTA with insulin, D-phenylalanine derivatives (meglitinides), alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors or other GLP-1 receptor agonists has not been studied and cannot be recommended.

 

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

 

Added (bold):

 

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. When BYETTA is used in combination with a sulphonylurea or a basal insulin, patients should be advised to take precautions to avoid hypoglycaemia while driving and using machines.

 

 

 

 

4.8.      Undesirable effects

Added (bold):

 

3 Post marketing reports

When BYETTA was used in combination with basal insulin therapy the incidence and types of other adverse events observed were similar to those seen in the controlled clinical trials with exenatide as monotherapy, with metformin and/or sulphonylurea or a thiazolidinedione, with or without metformin.

 

Description of selected adverse reactions

Hypoglycaemia

In studies in patients treated with BYETTA and a sulphonylurea (with or without metformin), the incidence of hypoglycaemia was increased compared to placebo (23.5 % and 25.2 % versus 12.6% and 3.3 %) and appeared to be dependent on the doses of both BYETTA and the sulphonylurea.

 

There were no clinically relevant differences in incidence or severity of hypoglycaemia with exenatide compared to placebo, in combination with a thiazolidinedione, with or without metformin. Hypoglycaemia was reported in 11 % and 7 % of patients treated with exenatide and placebo respectively.

 

Most episodes of hypoglycaemia were mild to moderate in intensity, and resolved with oral administration of carbohydrate.

 

In a 30 week study, when BYETTA or placebo was added to existing basal insulin therapy(insulin glargine), the dose of basal insulin was decreased by 20 % in patients with an HbA1c ≤ 8.0 %, per protocol design in order to minimize the risk of hypoglycaemia. Both treatment arms were titrated to achieve target fasting plasma glucose levels (see section 5.1). There were no clinically significant differences in the incidence of hypoglycaemic episodes in the BYETTA compared to the placebo group (25% and 29% respectively). There were no episodes of major hypoglycaemia in the BYETTA arm.

 

In a 24 week study, where either insulin lispro protamine suspension or insulin glargine was added to existing therapy of BYETTA and metformin or metformin plus thiazolidinedione the incidence of patients with at least one minor hypoglycaemic episode was 18% and 9% respectively and one patient reported major hypoglycaemia. In patients where existing therapyalsoincluded asulphonylurea theincidence of patients with at least one minor hypoglycaemic episode was 48% and 54% respectivelyand one patient reported major hypoglycaemia.

 

5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Added (bold), deleted (strikethrough):

 

Clinical efficacy

Studies of BYETTA with metformin, a sulphonylurea or both as background therapy.

 

The clinical studies comprised 3945 subjects (2997 treated with exenatide), 56 % men and 44% women, 319 subjects (230 treated with exenatide) were ≥70 years of age and 34 subjects (27 treated with exenatide) were ≥75 years of age.

 

BYETTA reduced HbA1c and body weight in patients treated for 30 weeks in three placebo-controlled studies, whether the BYETTA was added to metformin, a sulphonylurea or a combination of both. These reductions in HbA1c were generally observed at 12 weeks after initiation of treatment. See Table 2. The reduction in HbA1c was sustained and the weight loss continued for at least 82 weeks in the subset of 10 μg BID patients completing both the placebo-controlled studies and the uncontrolled study extensions (n=137).

 

Table 2: Combined results of the 30 week placebo controlled studies (intent to treat patients)

 

Placebo

 

 

 

 

 

BYETTA 5 μg BID

 

 

 

 

 

BYETTA 10 μg BID

N

483

480

483

Baseline HbA1c(%)

8.48

8.42

8.45

HbA1c(%) change from base line

0.08

-0.59

-0.89

Proportion of patients (%) achieving HbA1c ≤7%

7.9

25.3

33.6

Proportion of patients (%) achieving HbA1c ≤7% (patients completing studies)

10.0

29.6

38.5

Baseline weight(kg)

99.26

97.10

98.11

Change of weight from baseline(kg)

-0.65

-1.41

-1.91

 

Two placebo-controlled studies were conducted: one of 16 and one of 26 weeks duration, with 121 and 111 BYETTA and 112 and 54 placebo treated patients respectively, added to existing thiazolidinedione treatment, with or without metformin. Of the BYETTA patients, 12 % were treated with a thiazolidinedione and BYETTA and 82 % were treated with a thiazolidinedione, metformin and BYETTA. BYETTA (5 μg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10 μg BID) resulted in statistically significant reductions from baseline HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.7 % versus +0.1 %) as well as significant reductions in body weight (-1.5 versus 0 kg) in the 16 week study. The 26 week study showed similar results with statistically significant reductions from baseline HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.8 % versus -0.1 %). There was no significant difference in body weight between treatment groups in change from baseline to endpoint (-1.4 versus -0.8 kg).

When BYETTA was used in combination with a thiazolidinedione, the incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar to that of placebo in combination with a thiazolidinedione. The experience in patients > 65 years and in patients with impaired renal function is limited. The incidence and type of other adverse events observed were similar to those seen in the 30-week controlled clinical trials with a sulphonylurea, metformin or both.

 

 

 

In insulin-comparator studies BYETTA (5 μg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10 μg BID) in combination with metformin and sulphonylurea significantly (statistically and clinically) improved glycaemic control, as measured by decrease in HbA1c. This treatment effect was comparable to that of insulin glargine in a 26-week study (mean insulin dose 24.9 IU/day ,range 4-95 IU/day, at the end of study) and biphasic insulin aspart in a 52-week study (mean insulin dose 24.4 IU/day, range 3-78 IU/day, at the end of study). BYETTA lowered HbA1c from 8.21 (n=228) and 8.6 % (n=222) by 1.13 and 1.01 % while insulin glargine lowered from 8.24 (n=227) by 1.10 % and biphasic insulin aspart from 8.67 (n=224) by 0.86 %. Weight loss of 2.3 kg (2.6 %) was achieved with BYETTA in the 26 week study and a loss of 2.5 kg (2.7 %) in a 52-week study whereas treatment with insulin was associated with weight gain. Treatment differences (BYETTA minus comparator) were -4.1 kg in the 26-week study and –5.4 kg in the 52-week study. Seven-point self monitored blood glucose profiles (before and after meals and at 3 am) demonstrated significantly reduced glucose values compared to insulin in the postprandial periods after BYETTA injection. Premeal blood glucose concentrations were generally lower in patients taking insulin compared to BYETTA. Mean daily blood glucose values were similar between BYETTA and insulin. In these studies the incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar for BYETTA and insulin treatment.

 

Studies of BYETTA with metformin, a thiazolidinedione or both as background therapy

Two placebo-controlled studies were conducted: one of 16 and one of 26 weeks duration, with 121 and 111 BYETTA and 112 and 54 placebo-treated patients respectively, added to existing thiazolidinedione treatment, with or without metformin. Of the BYETTA patients, 12% were treated with a thiazolidinedione and BYETTA and 82% were treated with a thiazolidinedione, metformin and BYETTA. BYETTA (5 µg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10 µg BID) resulted in statistically significant reductions from baseline HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.7% versus +0.1%) as well as significant reductions in body weight (-1.5 versus 0 kg) in the 16-week study. The 26-week study showed similar results with statistically significant reductions from baseline HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.8% versus -0.1%). There was no significant difference in body weight between treatment groups in change from baseline to endpoint (-1.4 versus -0.8 kg).

When BYETTA was used in combination with a thiazolidinedione, the incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar to that of placebo in combination with a thiazolidinedione. The experience in patients > 65 years and in patients with impaired renal function is limited. The incidence and type of other adverse events observed were similar to those seen in the 30-week controlled clinical trials with a sulphonylurea, metformin or both.

Studies of BYETTA in combination with basal insulin

In a 30-week study, either BYETTA (5 µg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10 µg BID) or a placebo was added to insulin glargine (with or without metformin, pioglitazone or both). During the study both treatment arms titrated insulin glargine using an algorithm reflecting current clinical practice to a target fasting plasma glucose of approximately 5.6 mmol/l. The mean age of subjects was 59 years and the mean duration of diabetes was 12.3 years.

 

At the end of the study, BYETTA (n=137) demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in the HbA1c and weight compared to placebo (n=122). BYETTA lowered HbA1c by 1.7 % from a baseline of 8.3 % while placebo lowered HbA1c by 1.0 % from a baseline of 8.5 %. The proportion of patients achieving HbA1c <7% and HbA1c ≤6.5% was 56 % and 42 % with BYETTA and 29 % and 13 % with placebo. Weight loss of 1.8 kg from a baseline of 95 kg was observed with BYETTA whereas a weight gain of 1.0 kg from a baseline of 94kg was observed with placebo.

In the BYETTA arm the insulin dose increased by 13 units/day compared to 20 units/ day on the placebo arm. BYETTA reduced fasting serum glucose by 1.3 mmol/l and placebo by 0.9 mmol/l. BYETTA arm compared to placebo had significantly lowered postprandial blood glucose excursions at the morning meal (- 2.0 versus - 0.2 mmol/l) and evening meal (- 1.6 versus + 0.1 mmol/l); there was no difference between treatments at midday.

In a 24-week study, where either insulin lispro protamine suspension or insulin glargine was added to existing therapy of BYETTA and metformin, metformin and sulphonylurea or metformin and pioglitazone, HbA1c was lowered by 1.2 % (n=170) and by 1.4 % (n=167) respectively from a baseline of 8.2 %. Weight increase of 0.2 kg was observed for patients on insulin lispro protamine suspension and 0.6 kg for insulin glargine-treated patients from a baseline of 102 kg and 103 kg respectively.

 

10.       DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

New date

19  March 2012

Updated on 30 March 2012 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to, or new use for medicine
  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to storage instructions
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to information about driving or using machinery
  • Change to date of revision
  • Change to dosage and administration

Updated on 30 September 2011 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to storage instructions
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to drug interactions
  • Change to how the medicine works
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 30 September 2011 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 2 - Qualitative and quantitative composition
  • Change to section 3 - Pharmaceutical form
  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 4.6 - Pregnancy and lactation
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 6.2 - Incompatibilities
  • Change to section 9 - Date of renewal of authorisation
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

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Changes

 

Following the renewal of the Byetta marketing authorisation, the SmPC has been updated in its entirety.

 

Of  note:

 

4.1.      Therapeutic indications

 

There is a minor change to the indication wording from 'patients' to 'adults'.

 

4.8.      Undesirable effects

 

Spontaneous adverse reaction frequencies are now presented in table 1.

 

 10.       DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

New date

 19 September 2011

Updated on 7 October 2010 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to, or new use for medicine
  • Change to date of revision
  • Correction of spelling/typing errors

Updated on 12 August 2010 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.1 - Therapeutic indications
  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4.         Clinical particulars

 

4.1       Therapeutic indications

 

Added (bold):

 

BYETTA is indicated for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in combination with:

- metformin

- sulphonylureas

- thiazolidinediones

- metformin and a sulphonylurea

- metformin and a thiazolidinedione

in patients who have not achieved adequate glycaemic control on maximally tolerated doses of these oral therapies.

 

4.2       Posology and method of administration

 

Added (bold) deleted (strikethrough):

 

BYETTA is recommended for use in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are already receiving metformin, and/or a sulphonylurea or a thiazolidinedione. When BYETTA is added to existing metformin and/or thiazolidinedione therapy, the current dose of metformin and/or thiazolidinedione can be continued as no increased risk of hypoglycaemia is anticipated, compared to metformin or thiazolidinedione alone.

 

Deleted:

 

Limited experience exists concerning the combination of BYETTA with thiazolidinediones (see section 5.1).

 

4.8       Undesirable effects

 

Added:

 

There were no clinically relevant differences in incidence or severity of hypoglycaemia with exenatide compared to placebo, in combination with a thiazolidinedione, with or without metformin. Hypoglycaemia was reported in 11% and 7% of patients treated with exenatide and placebo respectively.

 

 

 

5.         PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

 

5.1       Pharmacodynamic properties

 

Added (bold) deleted (strikethrough):

 

In aTwo placebo-controlled studies were conducted: one of 16 and one of 26 weeks duration, with 121 and 111 BYETTA and 112 and 54(n=121) or placebo treated patients respectively(n=112) was, added to existing thiazolidinedione treatment, with or without metformin. Of the BYETTA patients, 12% were treated with a thiazolidinedione and BYETTA and 82% were treated with a thiazolidinedione, metformin and BYETTA. BYETTA (5 µg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10 µg BID) resulted in statistically significant reductions from baseline HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.7% versus +0.1%) as well as significant reductions in body weight (-1.5 versus -0.2 0 kg) in the 16 week study. The 26 week study showed similar results with statistically significant reductions from baseline HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.8% versus -0.1%). There was no significant difference in body weight between treatment groups in change from baseline to endpoint (-1.4 versus -0.8 kg).

When BYETTA was used in combination with a thiazolidinedione, the incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar to that of placebo in combination with a thiazolidinedione. The experience in patients > 65 years and in patients with impaired renal function is limited. The incidence and type of other adverse events observed were similar to those seen in the 30-week controlled clinical trials with a sulphonylurea, metformin or both.

 

Added:

 

The European Medicines Agency has deferred the obligation to submit the results of studies with BYETTA in one or more subsets of the paediatric population in type 2 diabetes mellitus (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

 

 

 

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

06 August 2010

Updated on 7 June 2010 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 16 April 2010 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4 - Clinical particulars
  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 5 - Pharmacological properties
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 6 - Pharmaceutical particulars
  • Change to section 6.3 - Shelf life
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

Changes

 

Addition text underlined in red.

 

 

4.            Clinical particulars

 

4.4          Special warnings and precautions for use

 

BYETTA should not be used in patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.

 

BYETTA should not be used in Type 2 diabetes patients who require insulin therapy due to beta-cell failure.

 

Intravenous or intramuscular injection of BYETTA is not recommended.

 

In patients with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis, single doses of BYETTA 5μg increased frequency and severity of undesirable gastrointestinal effects.  BYETTA is not recommended for use in patients with end-stage renal disease or severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance <30ml/min).  The clinical experience in patients with moderate renal impairment is very limited.

 

There have been rare, spontaneously reported events of altered renal function, including increased serum creatinine, renal impairment, worsened chronic renal failure and acute renal failure, sometimes requiring haemodialysis. Some of these events occurred in patients experiencing events that may affect hydration, including nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhoea, and/or receiving pharmacological agents known to affect renal function/hydration status. Concomitant agents included angiotensin converting enzymes inhibitors, angiotensin-II antagonists, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicinal products and diuretics. Reversibility of altered renal function has been observed with supportive treatment and discontinuation of potentially causative agents, including BYETTA.

BYETTA has not been studied in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease, including gastroparesis.  Its use is commonly associated with gastrointestinal adverse reactions, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea.  Therefore, the use of BYETTA is not recommended in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease.

 

There have been rare, spontaneously reported events of acute pancreatitis. Patients should be informed of the characteristic symptom of acute pancreatitis: persistent, severe abdominal pain. Resolution of pancreatitis has been observed with supportive treatment, but very rare cases of necrotizing or haemorrhagic pancreatitis and/or death have been reported. If pancreatitis is suspected, BYETTA and other potentially suspect medicinal products should be discontinued. Treatment with BYETTA should not be resumed after pancreatitis has been diagnosed.

 

The concurrent use of BYETTA with insulin, D-phenylalanine derivatives (meglitinides), or alpha-glucosidase inhibitors has not been studied and cannot be recommended.

 

The experience in patients with BMI ≤25 is limited.

 

This medicinal product contains metacresol, which may cause allergic reactions.

 

Weight loss

 

Weight loss greater than 1.5 kg per week has been observed in approximately 5% of clinical trial patients treated with exenatide. Weight loss of this rate may have harmful consequences.

 

 

Hypoglycaemia

 

When BYETTA was used in combination with a sulphonylurea, the incidence of hypoglycaemia was increased over that of placebo in combination with a sulphonylurea.  In the clinical studies, patients on a sulphonylurea combination, with mild renal impairment, had an increased incidence of hypoglycaemia compared to patients with normal renal function.  To reduce the risk of hypoglycaemia associated with the use of a sulphonylurea, reduction in the dose of sulphonylurea should be considered.

 

Interactions

 

The effect of BYETTA to slow gastric emptying may reduce the extent and rate of absorption of orally administered medicinal products.  BYETTA should be used with caution in patients receiving oral medicinal products that require rapid gastrointestinal absorption and medicinal products with a narrow therapeutic ratio.  Specific recommendations regarding intake of such medicinal products in relation to BYETTA is given in section 4.5.

 

4.8          Undesirable effects

 

Table 1 lists adverse reactions reported from Phase 3 studies.  The table presents adverse reactions that occurred with an incidence ³5% and more frequently among BYETTA-treated patients than insulin- or placebo-treated patients.  The table also includes adverse reactions that occurred with an incidence ³1% and with a statistically significantly higher and/or ³2X incidence among BYETTA-treated patients than insulin- or placebo-treated patients.

 

The reactions are listed below as MedDRA preferred term by system organ class and absolute frequency.  Patient frequencies are defined as: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100, <1/10) and uncommon (³1/1,000 to <1/100).

 

Table 1 Adverse Reactions Reported in Long-Term Phase 3 Controlled Studies1

Body system/adverse reaction terms

Frequency of occurrence

 

Reactions

Very common

Common

Uncommon

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

 

 

 

Hypoglycaemia (with metformin and a sulphonylurea) 2

X

 

 

Hypoglycaemia (with a sulphonylurea)

X

 

 

Decreased appetite

 

X

 

Nervous system disorders

 

 

 

Headache 2

 

X

 

Dizziness

 

X

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

 

 

 

Nausea

X

 

 

Vomiting

X

 

 

Diarrhoea

X

 

 

Dyspepsia

 

X

 

Abdominal pain

 

X

 

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

 

X

 

Abdominal distension

 

X

 

Acute pancreatitis

 

 

X3

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

 

 

 

Hyperhidrosis 2

 

X

 

General disorders and administrative site conditions

 

 

 

Feeling jittery

 

X

 

Asthenia 2

 

X

 

Investigations

 

 

 

Weight decreased

 

X

 

 

 

n = 1,788 BYETTA-treated intent-to-treat (ITT) patients.

 

1 Data from Phase 3 comparator-controlled studies versus placebo, insulin glargine or 30% soluble insulin aspart/70% insulin aspart protamine crystals (biphasic insulin aspart) in which patients also received metformin, thiazolidinediones or sulphonylurea in addition to BYETTA or comparator.

 

2 In insulin-comparator controlled studies in which metformin and a sulphonylurea were concomitant medicinal products, the incidence for these adverse reactions was similar for insulin- and BYETTA-treated patients.

 

3 Does not conform to criteria previously cited; acute pancreatitis events were uncommon in all treatment groups.

 

Hypoglycaemia

 

In studies in patients treated with BYETTA and a sulphonylurea (with or without metformin), the incidence of hypoglycaemia was increased compared to placebo (23.5% and 25.2% versus 12.6% and 3.3%) and appeared to be dependent on the doses of both BYETTA and the sulphonylurea.  Most episodes of hypoglycaemia were mild to moderate in intensity, and all resolved with oral administration of carbohydrate.

 

Nausea

 

The most frequently reported adverse reaction was nausea.  In patients treated with 5µg or 10µg BYETTA, generally 40-50% reported at least one episode of nausea.  Most episodes of nausea were mild to moderate and occurred in a dose-dependent fashion.  With continued therapy, the frequency and severity decreased in most patients who initially experienced nausea.

 

The incidence of withdrawal due to adverse events was 8% for BYETTA-treated patients, 3% for placebo-treated and 1% for insulin-treated patients in the long-term controlled trials (16 weeks or longer).  The most common adverse events leading to withdrawal for BYETTA-treated patients were nausea (4% of patients) and vomiting (1%).  For placebo-treated or insulin-treated patients, <1% withdrew due to nausea or vomiting.

 

BYETTA-treated patients in the open-label extension studies at 82 weeks experienced similar types of adverse events observed in the controlled trials.

 

Injection Site Reactions

 

Injection site reactions have been reported in approximately 5.1% of subjects receiving BYETTA in long-term (16 weeks or longer) controlled trials.  These reactions have usually been mild and usually did not result in discontinuation of BYETTA.

 

Immunogenicity

 

Consistent with the potentially immunogenic properties of protein and peptide pharmaceuticals, patients may develop anti-exenatide antibodies following treatment with BYETTA.  In most patients who develop antibodies, antibody titres diminish over time and remain low through 82 weeks.

 

Overall, the percentage of antibody positive patients was consistent across clinical trials.  Patients who developed anti-exenatide antibodies to exenatide tend to have more injection site reactions (for example: redness of skin and itching), but otherwise  had similar rates and types of adverse events as those with no anti-exenatide antibodies.  In the three placebo-controlled trials (n = 963), 38% of patients had low titre anti-exenatide antibodies at 30 weeks.  For this group, the level of glycaemic control (HbA1c) was generally comparable to that observed in those without antibody titres.  An additional 6% of patients had higher titre antibodies at 30 weeks.  About half of this 6% (3% of the total patients given BYETTA in the controlled studies) had no apparent glycaemic response to BYETTA.  In two insulin-comparator controlled trials (n = 475), comparable efficacy and adverse events were observed in BYETTA-treated patients regardless of antibody titre.

 

Examination of antibody-positive specimens from one long-term uncontrolled study revealed no significant cross-reactivity with similar endogenous peptides (glucagon or GLP-1).

 

Spontaneous Reports

 

Since market introduction of BYETTA, the following additional adverse reactions have been reported:

 

Immune system disorders: Anaphylactic reaction, very rarely.

 

Metabolism and nutritional disorders: Dehydration, generally associated with nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhoea.

 

Nervous system disorders: Dysgeusia, somnolence.

 

Gastrointestinal disorders: Eructation, constipation, flatulence.

 

Renal and urinary disorders: Altered renal function, including acute renal failure, worsened chronic renal failure, renal impairment, increased serum creatinine (see section 4.4).

 

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: alopecia (rarely), macular rash, papular rash, pruritus, urticaria, angioneurotic oedema.

 

Investigations: International normalised ratio increased with concomitant warfarin, some reports associated with bleeding (see section 4.5).

 

5.             PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

 

5.1          Pharmacodynamic properties

 

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Other blood glucose lowering drugs, excl. insulins. ATC code: A10BX04.

 

Mechanism of Action

 

Exenatide is an incretin mimetic a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist that exhibits several antihyperglycaemic actions of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1).  The amino acid sequence of exenatide partially overlaps that of human GLP-1.  Exenatide has been shown to bind to and activate the known human GLP-1 receptor in vitro, its mechanism of action mediated by cyclic AMP and/or other intracellular signalling pathways.

 

Exenatide increases, on a glucose-dependent basis, the secretion of insulin from pancreatic beta cells.  As blood glucose concentrations decrease, insulin secretion subsides.  When exenatide was used in combination with metformin alone, no increase in the incidence of hypoglycaemia was observed over that of placebo in combination with metformin, which may be due to this glucose-dependent insulinotropic mechanism (see section 4.4).

 

Exenatide suppresses glucagon secretion which is known to be inappropriately elevated in Type 2 diabetes.  Lower glucagon concentrations lead to decreased hepatic glucose output.  However, exenatide does not impair the normal glucagon response and other hormone responses to hypoglycaemia.

 

Exenatide slows gastric emptying, thereby reducing the rate at which meal-derived glucose appears in the circulation.

 

Pharmacodynamic Effects

 

BYETTA improves glycaemic control through the immediate and sustained effects of lowering both postprandial and fasting glucose concentrations in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

 

Clinical Efficacy

 

The clinical studies comprised 3,945 subjects (2,997 treated with exenatide), 56% men and 44% women; 319 subjects (230 treated with exenatide) were ≥70 years of age and 34 subjects (27 treated with exenatide) were ≥75 years of age.

 

BYETTA reduced HbA1c and body weight in patients treated for 30 weeks in three placebo-controlled studies, whether the BYETTA was added to metformin, a sulphonylurea or a combination of both.  These reductions in HbA1c were generally observed at 12 weeks after initiation of treatment.  See   Table 2.  The reduction in HbA1c was sustained, and the weight loss continued for at least 82 weeks in the subset of 10µg BID patients completing both the placebo-controlled studies and the uncontrolled study extensions (n = 137).

 

Table 2 Combined Results of the 30-Week Placebo-Controlled Studies (Intent to Treat Patients)

 

 

Placebo

BYETTA 5µg BID

BYETTA 10µg BID

n

483

480

483

Base line HbA1c (%)

8.48

8.42

8.45

HbA1c (%) change from base line

0.08

-0.59

-0.89

Proportion of patients (%) achieving HbA1c ≤7%

7.9

25.3

33.6

Proportion of patients (%) achieving HbA1c ≤7% (patients completing studies)

10.0

29.6

38.5

Base line weight (kg)

99.26

97.10

98.11

Change of weight from base line (kg)

-0.65

-1.41

-1.91

 

In a placebo-controlled study of 16 weeks duration, BYETTA (n = 121) or placebo (n = 112) was added to existing thiazolidinedione treatment, with or without metformin.  BYETTA (5µg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10µg BID) resulted in statistically significant reductions from base line HbA1c compared to placebo (-0.8% versus +0.1%), as well as significant reductions in body weight (-1.5 versus -0.2 kg).  When BYETTA was used in combination with a thiazolidinedione, the incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar to that of placebo in combination with a thiazolidinedione.  The experience in patients >65 years and in patients with impaired renal function is limited.

 

In insulin-comparator studies, BYETTA (5µg BID for 4 weeks, followed by 10µg BID), in combination with metformin and sulphonylurea, significantly (statistically and clinically) improved glycaemic control, as measured by decrease in HbA1c.  This treatment effect was comparable to that of insulin glargine in a 26-week study (mean insulin dose 24.9IU/day, range 4-95IU/day, at the end of study) and biphasic insulin aspart in a 52-week study (mean insulin dose 24.4IU/day, range                 3-78IU/day, at the end of study).  BYETTA lowered HbA1c from 8.21 (n = 228) and 8.6% (n = 222) by 1.13 and 1.01%, while insulin glargine lowered from 8.24 (n = 227) by 1.10% and biphasic insulin aspart from 8.67 (n = 224) by 0.86%.  Weight loss of 2.3 kg (2.6%) was achieved with BYETTA in the 26-week study and a loss of 2.5 kg (2.7%) in a 52-week study, whereas treatment with insulin was associated with weight gain.  Treatment differences (BYETTA minus comparator) were -4.1 kg in the 26-week study and -5.4 kg in the 52-week study.  Seven-point self-monitored blood glucose profiles (before and after meals and at 3 am) demonstrated significantly reduced glucose values compared to insulin in the postprandial periods after BYETTA injection.  Premeal blood glucose concentrations were generally lower in patients taking insulin compared to BYETTA.  Mean daily blood glucose values were similar between BYETTA and insulin.  In these studies, the incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar for BYETTA and insulin treatment.

 

BYETTA has shown no adverse effects on lipid parameters.  A trend for a decrease in triglycerides has been observed with weight loss.

 

Clinical studies with BYETTA have indicated improved beta-cell function, using measures such as the homeostasis model assessment for beta-cell function (HOMA-B) and the proinsulin to insulin ratio.  A pharmacodynamic study demonstrated, in patients with Type 2 diabetes (n = 13), a restoration of first-phase insulin secretion and improved second-phase insulin secretion in response to an intravenous bolus of glucose.

 

A reduction in body weight was seen in patients treated with BYETTA irrespective of the occurrence of nausea, although the reduction was larger in the group with nausea (mean reduction 2.4 kg versus 1.7 kg) in the long-term controlled studies of up to 52 weeks.

 

Administration of exenatide has been shown to reduce food intake, due to decreased appetite and increased satiety.

 

5.2              Pharmacokinetic properties

 

Absorption

Following subcutaneous administration to patients with type 2 diabetes, exenatide reaches median peak plasma concentrations in 2 h. Mean peak exenatide concentration (Cmax) was 211 pg/ml and overall mean area under the curve (AUC0-inf) was 1036 pg •h/ml following subcutaneous administration of a 10 μg dose of exenatide. Exenatide exposure increased proportionally over the therapeutic dose range of 5 μg to 10 μg. Similar exposure is achieved with subcutaneous administration of exenatide in the abdomen, thigh, or arm.

 

Distribution

The mean apparent volume of distribution of exenatide following subcutaneous administration of a single dose of exenatide is 28 l.

 

Metabolism and Elimination

Nonclinical studies have shown that exenatide is predominantly eliminated by glomerular filtration with subsequent proteolytic degradation. In clinical studies the mean apparent clearance of exenatide is 9 l/h and the mean terminal half‑life is 2.4 h. These pharmacokinetic characteristics of exenatide are independent of the dose.

 

Special populations

Patients with renal impairment

In patients with mild (creatinine clearance 50 to 80 ml/min) or moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance 30 to 50 ml/min), exenatide clearance was mildly reduced compared to clearance in individuals with normal renal function (13 % reduction in mild and 36 % reduction in moderate renal impairment). Clearance was significantly reduced by 84% in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis (see section 4.2).

 

Patients with hepatic insufficiency

No pharmacokinetic study has been performed in patients with hepatic insufficiency. Exenatide is cleared primarily by the kidney, therefore hepatic dysfunction is not expected to affect blood concentrations of exenatide.

 

Gender and race

Gender and race have no clinically relevant influence on exenatide pharmacokinetics.

 

Elderly

Long-term controlled Ddata in elderly are limited, but suggest no marked changes in exenatide exposure with increased age up to about 75 years old. There are no pharmacokinetic data in patients >75 years.

In a pharmacokinetic study in patients with type 2 diabetes, administration of exenatide (10µg) resulted in a mean increase of exenatide AUC by 36% in 15 elderly subjects aged 75 to 85 years compared to 15 subjects aged 45 to 65 years likely related to reduced renal function in the older age group (see section 4.2).

 

Children and adolescents

In a single-dose pharmacokinetic study in 13 patients with type 2 diabetes and between the ages of 12 and 16 years, administration of exenatide (5mg) resulted in slightly lower mean AUC (16% lower) and Cmax (25% lower) compared to those observed in adults.

 

 

 

6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

 

6.3       Shelf life

 3  2 years.

Shelf life for pen in use: 30 days.

 

 

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

15 March 2010

 

Updated on 19 March 2009 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 16 March 2009 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4.            Clinical particulars

 

4.4          Special warnings and precautions for use

 

Added (bold):

 

There have been rare, spontaneously reported events of acute pancreatitis. Patients should be informed of the characteristic symptom of acute pancreatitis: persistent, severe abdominal pain. Resolution of pancreatitis has been observed with supportive treatment but very rare cases of necrotizing or hemorrhagic pancreatitis and/or death have been reported. If pancreatitis is suspected, BYETTA and other potentially suspect medicinal products should be discontinued. Treatment with BYETTA should not be resumed after pancreatitis has been diagnosed.

 

4.8          Undesirable effects

 

Added (bold):

 

common (1/100, <1/10) and uncommon (1/1,000 to <1/100).

 

Table changed in entirety:

 

Body system/adverse reaction terms

Frequency of occurrence

 

Reactions

Very common

Common

Uncommon

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

 

 

 

Hypoglycaemia (with metformin and a sulphonylurea) 2

X

 

 

Hypoglycaemia (with a sulphonylurea)

X

 

 

Decreased appetite

 

X

 

Nervous system disorders

 

 

 

Headache 2

 

X

 

Dizziness

 

X

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

 

 

 

Nausea

X

 

 

Vomiting

X

 

 

Diarrhoea

X

 

 

Dyspepsia

 

X

 

Abdominal pain

 

X

 

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

 

X

 

Abdominal distension

 

X

 

Acute pancreatitis

 

 

X3

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

 

 

 

Hyperhidrosis 2

 

X

 

General disorders and administrative site conditions

 

 

 

Feeling jittery

 

X

 

Asthenia 2

 

X

 

 


Added:

 

3 Does not conform to criteria previously cited; acute pancreatitis events were uncommon in all treatment groups.

 

Deleted:

 

Gastrointestinal disorders: eructation, constipation, flatulence, acute pancreatitis (see section 4.4).

 

 

 

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

06 March 2009

Updated on 16 January 2009 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.2 - Posology and method of administration
  • Change to section 5.1 - Pharmacodynamic properties
  • Change to section 5.2 - Pharmacokinetic properties
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4.         Clinical particulars

 

4.2       Posology and method of administration

 

Added (bold) Deleted (strikethrough)

 

Children and adolescents: The safety and effectiveness of exenatide have not been established in patients under 18 years of age. (see section 5.2). There is no experience in children and adolescents below 18 years.

 

 

 

5.         PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

 

5.1       Pharmacodynamic properties

 

Table 2: Combined results of the 30 week placebo controlled studies (intent to treat patients)

 

Changed (bold):

 

 

Placebo

BYETTA 5g BID

BYETTA 10g BID

HbA1c(%) change from base line

0.08

-0.59

-0.89

 

5.2       Pharmacokinetic properties

 

Added (Bold) Deleted (strikethrough):

 

Children and adolescents: In a single-dose pharmacokinetic study in 13 patients with type 2 diabetes and between the ages of 12 and 16 years, administration of exenatide (5mg) resulted in slightly lower mean AUC (16% lower) and Cmax (25% lower) compared to those observed in adults. Pharmacokinetics of exenatide has not been investigated in children and adolescents below 18 years of age.

 

 

 

10.       DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

07 January 2009

Updated on 28 October 2008 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to further information section
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 18 February 2008 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to warnings or special precautions for use
  • Change to side-effects
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 4 February 2008 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.4 - Special warnings and precautions for use
  • Change to section 4.8 - Undesirable effects
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4.         Clinical particulars

 

4.4          Special warnings and precautions for use

 

Added paragraphs:

 

There have been rare, spontaneously reported events of altered renal function, including increased serum creatinine, renal impairment, worsened chronic renal failure and acute renal failure, sometimes requiring hemodialysis. Some of these events occurred in patients experiencing events that may affect hydration, including nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhoea and/or receiving pharmacological agents known to affect renal function/hydration status. Concomitant agents included angiotensin converting enzymes inhibitors, angiotensin-II antagonists, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicinal products and diuretics. Reversibility of altered renal function has been observed with supportive treatment and discontinuation of potentially causative agents, including BYETTA.

 

There have been rare, spontaneously reported events of acute pancreatitis. Patients should be informed of the characteristic symptom of acute pancreatitis: persistent, severe abdominal pain. Resolution of pancreatitis has been observed with supportive treatment. If pancreatitis is suspected, BYETTA and other potentially suspect medicinal products should be discontinued.

 

4.8       Undesirable effects

 

Spontaneous reports

 

Deleted (bold text):

 

Metabolism and nutritional disorders: Dehydration, generally associated with nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhoea, some reports associated with elevation of serum creatinine.

 

Added (bold text):

 

Gastrointestinal disorders: eructation, constipation, flatulence, acute pancreatitis (see section 4.4).

 

Added:

 

Renal and urinary disorders: altered renal function, including acute renal failure, worsened chronic renal failure, renal impairment, increased serum creatinine (see section 4.4).

 

 

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

28 January 2008

Updated on 9 January 2008 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to drug interactions
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 7 November 2007 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 4.5 - Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

4.             Clinical particulars

 

4.5          Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

               

                Deletions in strikethrough text.

 

For oral medicinal products that are particularly dependent on threshold concentrations for efficacy, such as contraceptives and antibiotics, patients should be advised to take those medicinal products at least 1 hour before Byetta injection.

 

Added the following paragraph:

 

Ethinyl oestradiol and levonorgestrel

 

Administration of a combination oral contraceptive (30µg ethinyl oestradiol plus 150µg levonorgestrel) one hour before BYETTA (10 µg BID) did not alter the AUC, Cmax or Cmin of either ethinyl oestradiol or levonorgestrel.  Administration of the oral contraceptive 30 minutes after BYETTA did not affect AUC but resulted in a reduction of the Cmax of ethinyl oestradiol by 45%, and Cmax of levonorgestrel by 27-41%, and a delay in tmax by 2-4 h due to delayed gastric emptying.  The reduction in Cmax is of limited clinical relevance and no adjustment of dosing of oral contraceptives is required.

 

 

 

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

31 October 2007

Updated on 10 September 2007 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • Change to storage instructions
  • Change to date of revision

Updated on 4 September 2007 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • Change to section 6.4 - Special precautions for storage
  • Change to section 10 - Date of revision of the text

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)

Free text change information supplied by the pharmaceutical company

6.             PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

 

6.4                Special precautions for storage

 

Changed the ' In use' storage instructions from:

 

In use: The pen should be returned to the refrigerator after each use.  However, chemical and physical in use stability at £25°C has been demonstrated for 7 days (168 hours), during the 30-day in use period.

 

To:

 

In use: Store below 25°C.

 

 

 

10.          DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

                New date

 

30 August 2007

Updated on 2 January 2007 PIL

Reasons for updating

  • New PIL for new product

Updated on 20 December 2006 SmPC

Reasons for updating

  • New SPC for new product

Legal category: Product subject to medical prescription which may not be renewed (A)